FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS

BARKOW A, Grützmacher H-F (1995)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES 142(3): 195-208.

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Abstract
alpha-Aryl-ortho-quinodimethane radical cations are generated by the loss of water via a two-step process (''ortho-effect'') from metastable molecular ions of 2-methylbenzhydrol derivatives. A competing fragmentation is the loss of the methyl substituent from metastable molecular ions which, however, is also observed for the corresponding meta and para isomers and which does not interfere with the formation of alpha-phenyl-ortho-quinodimethane radical cations. The reaction of these latter ions was studied with the aid of specifically labelled derivatives. The results can be interpreted by an electrocyclization of the alpha-phenyl-ortho-quinodimethane radical ions to form dihydroanthracene radical cations which decompose by loss of a hydrogen atom or a substituent from one of the phenyl rings in the case of substituted alpha-phenyl-ortho-quinodimethane radical cations. However, in competition with this cyclization process via a six-membered transition state the loss of a methyl radical from the alpha-phenyl-ortho-quinodimethane radical cations is observed which is the consequence of a cyclization via a five-membered transition state. This latter process is best depicted as an intramolecular aromatic substitution by a radical.
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BARKOW A, Grützmacher H-F. FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES. 1995;142(3):195-208.
BARKOW, A., & Grützmacher, H. - F. (1995). FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES, 142(3), 195-208.
BARKOW, A., and Grützmacher, H. - F. (1995). FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES 142, 195-208.
BARKOW, A., & Grützmacher, H.-F., 1995. FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES, 142(3), p 195-208.
A. BARKOW and H.-F. Grützmacher, “FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES, vol. 142, 1995, pp. 195-208.
BARKOW, A., Grützmacher, H.-F.: FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES. 142, 195-208 (1995).
BARKOW, A, and Grützmacher, Hans-Friedrich. “FORMATION AND ELECTROCYCLIZATION OF GASEOUS ALPHA-PHENYL-ORTHOQUINODIMETHANE RADICAL CATIONS”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY AND ION PROCESSES 142.3 (1995): 195-208.
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