Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes

Glaser T, Theil H, Heidemeier M (2008)
COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE 11(10): 1121-1136.

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Abstract
The late Olivier Kahn formulated a research objective for molecular magnetism: 'The normal trend for the molecular state is the pairing of electrons [...] with a cancellation of the electron spins. The design of a molecule-based magnet requires that this trend be successfully opposed.' One strategy for enforcing ferromagnetic interactions is the spin-polarization mechanism. While this mechanism is almost always working in organic chemistry, the application to transition metal complexes is not straight-forward. We have established a structurally related series of trinuclear complexes bridged by modified 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene (phloroglucinol) ligands. The trinuclear Cu-II complexes all exhibit weak, but ferromagnetic interactions. The trinuclear V-IV complex exhibits even smaller ferromagnetic interactions, while a trinuclear Mn complex exhibits anti ferromagnetic interactions. The correlation between structural and magnetic parameters in the series of Cu complexes gives experimental insight into the spin-polarization mechanism. The crucial parameter for an efficient spin-polarization mechanism through the bridging benzene unit seems to be the amount of spin density in the p(z)(pi) orbitals of the phenolic oxygen atoms. This spin density crucially depends on the remaining coordination sites and on the ligand folding at the central Cu-phenolate bond. The spin transfer from the metal to the phenolate oxygen atom occurs by two different mechanisms, namely spin-polarization and spin-delocalization, which can provide opposing contributions. The main conclusion of this study is that for a more efficient spin-polarization through the central benzene ring the spin density in the phenolate O p(z)(pi) orbital must be maximized, which can mainly be achieved by increasing the covalency of the metal-phenolate bond. To cite this article: T Glaser et al., C R. Chimie 11 (2008). (C) 2008 Academie des sciences. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Glaser T, Theil H, Heidemeier M. Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE. 2008;11(10):1121-1136.
Glaser, T., Theil, H., & Heidemeier, M. (2008). Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE, 11(10), 1121-1136.
Glaser, T., Theil, H., and Heidemeier, M. (2008). Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE 11, 1121-1136.
Glaser, T., Theil, H., & Heidemeier, M., 2008. Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE, 11(10), p 1121-1136.
T. Glaser, H. Theil, and M. Heidemeier, “Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes”, COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE, vol. 11, 2008, pp. 1121-1136.
Glaser, T., Theil, H., Heidemeier, M.: Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE. 11, 1121-1136 (2008).
Glaser, Thorsten, Theil, Hubert, and Heidemeier, Maik. “Spin-polarization in 1,3,5-trihydroxybenzene-bridged first-row transition metal complexes”. COMPTES RENDUS CHIMIE 11.10 (2008): 1121-1136.
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