Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels

Lucassen A, Oßwald P, Struckmeier U, Kohse-Höinghaus K, Kasper T, Hansen N, Cool TA, Westmoreland PR (2009)
PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE 32(1): 1269-1276.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The combustion chemistry of morpholine (1-oxa-4-aza-cyclohexane) was investigated under laminar, premixed low-pressure conditions. Morpholine, as a heterocyclic secondary amine with numerous industrial applications, was studied as it model fuel which simultaneously contains oxygen and nitrogen hetero-atoms. Stable and radical intermediates and products of the combustion process in a slightly fuel-rich Phi = 1.3 (C/O = 0.41) flat premixed morpholine-oxygen-argon flame at 40 mbar (4 kPa) were identified. A detailed fuel destruction scheme is proposed based on combined measurements using two different in situ molecular beam mass spectrometry (MBMS) techniques. The results are discussed with special attention to hydrocarbon, oxygenated and N-containing compounds important in pollutant emission. (C) 2009 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All-rights reserved.
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Lucassen A, Oßwald P, Struckmeier U, et al. Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE. 2009;32(1):1269-1276.
Lucassen, A., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Kasper, T., Hansen, N., Cool, T. A., et al. (2009). Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE, 32(1), 1269-1276.
Lucassen, A., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Kasper, T., Hansen, N., Cool, T. A., and Westmoreland, P. R. (2009). Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE 32, 1269-1276.
Lucassen, A., et al., 2009. Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE, 32(1), p 1269-1276.
A. Lucassen, et al., “Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels”, PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE, vol. 32, 2009, pp. 1269-1276.
Lucassen, A., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Kasper, T., Hansen, N., Cool, T.A., Westmoreland, P.R.: Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE. 32, 1269-1276 (2009).
Lucassen, Arnas, Oßwald, Patrick, Struckmeier, Ulf, Kohse-Höinghaus, Katharina, Kasper, Tina, Hansen, Nils, Cool, Terrill A., and Westmoreland, Phillip R. “Species identification in a laminar premixed low-pressure flame of morpholine as a model substance for oxygenated nitrogen-containing fuels”. PROCEEDINGS OF THE COMBUSTION INSTITUTE 32.1 (2009): 1269-1276.
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