Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict

Elbert T, Schauer M, Schauer E, Huschka B, Hirth M, Neuner F (2009)
Child Abuse & Neglect 33(4): 238-246.

Download
Es wurde kein Volltext hochgeladen. Nur Publikationsnachweis!
Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
Autor
; ; ; ; ;
Abstract / Bemerkung
Objectives: The present study examined traumatic experiences, PTSD, and co-morbid symptoms in relation to neuropsychological and school performance in school children affected by two decades of civil war and unrest. Method: The epidemiological survey of children's mental health included a representative sample of 420 school children. Local teachers were trained to administer a translation of the UCLA-PTSD Index Form. The instrument and the epidemiological findings were validated by assessment through clinical expert interview, school grades, and neuropsychological testing in a subsample (N = 67). Results: Ninety-two percent of the children surveyed had experienced severely traumatizing events such as combat, bombing, shelling, or witnessing the death of a loved one. Twenty-five percent met the criteria for a diagnosis of PTSD. Traumatized children reported lasting interference of experiences with their daily life, which was corroborated by memory testing, scores in school performance and ratings of social withdrawal. Depressive symptoms and poor physical health were frequent in these children. The majority of trained teachers achieved valid results in the structured interviews. Conclusion: Performance and functioning in children are related to the total load of traumatic events experienced. An important component of psychosocial programs in post-conflict areas should include increasing community-based awareness of the consequences of traumatic stress, both as a preventative measure and as a way of decreasing stigmatization of affected individuals. (c) 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
Child Abuse & Neglect
Band
33
Ausgabe
4
Seite(n)
238-246
ISSN
PUB-ID

Zitieren

Elbert T, Schauer M, Schauer E, Huschka B, Hirth M, Neuner F. Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect. 2009;33(4):238-246.
Elbert, T., Schauer, M., Schauer, E., Huschka, B., Hirth, M., & Neuner, F. (2009). Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33(4), 238-246. doi:10.1016/j.chiabu.2008.02.008
Elbert, T., Schauer, M., Schauer, E., Huschka, B., Hirth, M., and Neuner, F. (2009). Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect 33, 238-246.
Elbert, T., et al., 2009. Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect, 33(4), p 238-246.
T. Elbert, et al., “Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict”, Child Abuse & Neglect, vol. 33, 2009, pp. 238-246.
Elbert, T., Schauer, M., Schauer, E., Huschka, B., Hirth, M., Neuner, F.: Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict. Child Abuse & Neglect. 33, 238-246 (2009).
Elbert, Thomas, Schauer, Maggie, Schauer, Elisabeth, Huschka, Bianca, Hirth, Michael, and Neuner, Frank. “Trauma-related impairment in children-A survey in Sri Lankan provinces affected by armed conflict”. Child Abuse & Neglect 33.4 (2009): 238-246.

31 Zitationen in Europe PMC

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Effects of armed conflict on child health and development: A systematic review.
Kadir A, Shenoda S, Goldhagen J., PLoS One 14(1), 2019
PMID: 30650095
A controlled trial of trauma-focused therapy versus problem-solving in Islamic children affected by civil conflict and disaster in Aceh, Indonesia.
Dawson K, Joscelyne A, Meijer C, Steel Z, Silove D, Bryant RA., Aust N Z J Psychiatry 52(3), 2018
PMID: 28606000
PTSD symptom severity relates to cognitive and psycho-social dysfunctioning - a study with Congolese refugees in Uganda.
Ainamani HE, Elbert T, Olema DK, Hecker T., Eur J Psychotraumatol 8(1), 2017
PMID: 28326164
Child and youth mental health in postwar Sri Lanka.
Chandradasa M, Kuruppuarachchi KALA., BJPsych Int 14(2), 2017
PMID: 29093936
Functional impairment and mental health functioning among Vietnamese children.
Dang HM, Weiss B, Trung LT., Soc Psychiatry Psychiatr Epidemiol 51(1), 2016
PMID: 26315942
Psychosocial wellbeing and physical health among Tamil schoolchildren in northern Sri Lanka.
Hamilton A, Foster C, Richards J, Surenthirakumaran R., Confl Health 10(), 2016
PMID: 27385976
From War to Classroom: PTSD and Depression in Formerly Abducted Youth in Uganda.
Winkler N, Ruf-Leuschner M, Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Schalinski I, Ovuga E, Neuner F, Elbert T., Front Psychiatry 6(), 2015
PMID: 25788887
Parental care protects traumatized Sri Lankan children from internalizing behavior problems.
Sriskandarajah V, Neuner F, Catani C., BMC Psychiatry 15(), 2015
PMID: 26302824
Predictors of violence against children in Tamil families in northern Sri Lanka.
Sriskandarajah V, Neuner F, Catani C., Soc Sci Med 146(), 2015
PMID: 26521032
Family violence exposure and associated risk factors for child PTSD in a Mexican sample.
Erolin KS, Wieling E, Parra RE., Child Abuse Negl 38(6), 2014
PMID: 24854428
The role of memory-related gene WWC1 (KIBRA) in lifetime posttraumatic stress disorder: evidence from two independent samples from African conflict regions.
Wilker S, Kolassa S, Vogler C, Lingenfelder B, Elbert T, Papassotiropoulos A, de Quervain DJ, Kolassa IT., Biol Psychiatry 74(9), 2013
PMID: 23582269
Magnetic resonance volumetry and spectroscopy of hippocampus and insula in relation to severe exposure of traumatic stress.
Eckart C, Kaufmann J, Kanowski M, Tempelmann C, Hinrichs H, Elbert T, Heinze HJ, Kolassa IT., Psychophysiology 49(2), 2012
PMID: 22092224
Outcomes and moderators of a preventive school-based mental health intervention for children affected by war in Sri Lanka: a cluster randomized trial.
Tol WA, Komproe IH, Jordans MJ, Vallipuram A, Sipsma H, Sivayokan S, Macy RD, DE Jong JT., World Psychiatry 11(2), 2012
PMID: 22654944
A rapid screening tool for psychological distress in children 3-6years old: results of a validation study.
Marquer C, Barry C, Mouchenik Y, Hustache S, Djibo DM, Manzo ML, Falissard B, Révah-Lévy A, Grais RF, Moro MR., BMC Psychiatry 12(), 2012
PMID: 23072651
The thrill of being violent as an antidote to posttraumatic stress disorder in Rwandese genocide perpetrators.
Weierstall R, Schaal S, Schalinski I, Dusingizemungu JP, Elbert T., Eur J Psychotraumatol 2(), 2011
PMID: 22893806
The emerging evidence for Narrative Exposure Therapy: a review.
Robjant K, Fazel M., Clin Psychol Rev 30(8), 2010
PMID: 20832922
Fascination violence: on mind and brain of man hunters.
Elbert T, Weierstall R, Schauer M., Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 260 Suppl 2(), 2010
PMID: 20938671

31 References

Daten bereitgestellt von Europe PubMed Central.

Children traumatized by Central American warfare
Arroyo, 1985
State of the art procedures for translating, validating, and using psychoeducational tests in cross-cultural assessment
Bracken, Psychology International 12(), 1991
Pediatric stress: hormonal mediators and human development.
Charmandari E, Kino T, Souvatzoglou E, Chrousos GP., Horm. Res. 59(4), 2003
PMID: 12649570

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
Trauma exposure and psychological reactions to genocide among Rwandan children.
Dyregrov A, Gupta L, Gjestad R, Mukanoheli E., J Trauma Stress 13(1), 2000
PMID: 10761171

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0
The Influence of organized violence and terror on brain and mind—A co-constructive perspective
Elbert, 2006
Traumatic events and symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder amongst Sudanese nationals, refugees and Ugandans in the West Nile.
Karunakara UK, Neuner F, Schauer M, Singh K, Hill K, Elbert T, Burnha G., Afr Health Sci 4(2), 2004
PMID: 15477186
The stressed hippocampus, synaptic plasticity and lost memories.
Kim JJ, Diamond DM., Nat. Rev. Neurosci. 3(6), 2002
PMID: 12042880
A three-year follow-up of Cambodian young people traumatized as children.
Kinzie JD, Sack W, Angell R, Clarke G, Ben R., J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry 28(4), 1989
PMID: 2768143
Altered oscillatory brain dynamics after repeated traumatic stress.
Kolassa IT, Wienbruch C, Neuner F, Schauer M, Ruf M, Odenwald M, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 7(), 2007
PMID: 17941996

Lezak, 1995

McEwen, 2002

NCTSN, 2003
Psychological trauma and evidence for enhanced vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder through previous trauma among West Nile refugees.
Neuner F, Schauer M, Karunakara U, Klaschik C, Robert C, Elbert T., BMC Psychiatry 4(), 2004
PMID: 15504233
Decoupling neural networks from reality: dissociative experiences in torture victims are reflected in abnormal brain waves in left frontal cortex.
Ray WJ, Odenwald M, Neuner F, Schauer M, Ruf M, Wienbruch C, Rockstroh B, Elbert T., Psychol Sci 17(10), 2006
PMID: 17100779
Adolescent survivors of massive childhood trauma in Cambodia: Life events and current symptoms
Realmuto, Journal of Traumatic Stress 5(), 1991

Sapolsky, 1992

Schauer, 2005
The Mini-International Neuropsychiatric Interview (M.I.N.I.): the development and validation of a structured diagnostic psychiatric interview for DSM-IV and ICD-10.
Sheehan DV, Lecrubier Y, Sheehan KH, Amorim P, Janavs J, Weiller E, Hergueta T, Baker R, Dunbar GC., J Clin Psychiatry 59 Suppl 20(), 1998
PMID: 9881538
War exposure among children from Bosnia-Hercegovina: psychological adjustment in a community sample.
Smith P, Perrin S, Yule W, Hacam B, Stuvland R., J Trauma Stress 15(2), 2002
PMID: 12013066
Child soldiers: understanding the context.
Somasundaram D., BMJ 324(7348), 2002
PMID: 12028985
The University of California at Los Angeles Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Reaction Index.
Steinberg AM, Brymer MJ, Decker KB, Pynoos RS., Curr Psychiatry Rep 6(2), 2004
PMID: 15038911
Post traumatic stress disorder reactions in children of war: a longitudinal study.
Thabet AA, Vostanis P., Child Abuse Negl 24(2), 2000
PMID: 10695524
The treatment of post-traumatic stress disorder in children and adolescents
Yule, International Review of Psychiatry 6(), 1994

Export

Markieren/ Markierung löschen
Markierte Publikationen

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

Dieser Datensatz im Web of Science®

Quellen

PMID: 19324413
PubMed | Europe PMC

Suchen in

Google Scholar