Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry

Kasper T, Oßwald P, Struckmeier U, Kohse-Höinghaus K, Taatjes CA, Wang J, Cool Terrill A, Law ME, Morel A, Westmoreland PR (2009)
COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156(6): 1181-1201.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
The combustion of 1-propanol and 2-propanol was studied in low-pressure, premixed flat flames using two independent molecular-beam mass spectrometry (MBMS) techniques. For each alcohol, a set of three flames with different stoichiometries was measured, providing an extensive data base with in total twelve conditions. Profiles of stable and intermediate species, including several radicals, were measured as a function of height above the burner. The major-species mole fraction profiles in the 1-propanol flames and the 2-propanol flames of corresponding stoichiometry are nearly identical, and only small quantitative variations in the intermediate species pool could be detected. Differences between flames of the isomeric fuels are most pronounced for oxygenated intermediates that can be formed directly from the fuel during the oxidation process. The analysis of the species pool in the set of flames was greatly facilitated by using two complementary MBMS techniques. One apparatus employs electron ionization (EI) and the other uses VUV light for single-photon ionization (VUV-PI). The photoionization technique offers a much higher energy resolution than electron ionization and as a consequence, near-threshold photoionization-efficiency measurements provide selective detection of individual isomers. The EI data are recorded with a higher mass resolution than the PI spectra, thus enabling separation of mass overlaps of species with similar ionization energies that may be difficult to distinguish in the photoionization data. The quantitative agreement between the EI- and PI-datasets is good. In addition, the information in the EI- and PI-datasets is complementary, aiding in the assessment of the quality of individual burner profiles. The species profiles are supplemented by flame temperature profiles. The considerable experimental efforts to unambiguously assign intermediate species and to provide reliable quantitative concentrations are thought to be valuable for improving the mechanisms for higher alcohol combustion. Published by Elsevier Inc. on behalf of The Combustion Institute.
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Kasper T, Oßwald P, Struckmeier U, et al. Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. COMBUSTION AND FLAME. 2009;156(6):1181-1201.
Kasper, T., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Taatjes, C. A., Wang, J., Cool, Terrill A., et al. (2009). Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. COMBUSTION AND FLAME, 156(6), 1181-1201.
Kasper, T., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Taatjes, C. A., Wang, J., Cool, Terrill A., Law, M. E., Morel, A., and Westmoreland, P. R. (2009). Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156, 1181-1201.
Kasper, T., et al., 2009. Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. COMBUSTION AND FLAME, 156(6), p 1181-1201.
T. Kasper, et al., “Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry”, COMBUSTION AND FLAME, vol. 156, 2009, pp. 1181-1201.
Kasper, T., Oßwald, P., Struckmeier, U., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Taatjes, C.A., Wang, J., Cool, Terrill A., Law, M.E., Morel, A., Westmoreland, P.R.: Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry. COMBUSTION AND FLAME. 156, 1181-1201 (2009).
Kasper, Tina, Oßwald, Patrick, Struckmeier, Ulf, Kohse-Höinghaus, Katharina, Taatjes, Craig A., Wang, Juan, Cool, T.errill A., Law, M. E., Morel, A., and Westmoreland, Phillip R. “Combustion chemistry of the propanol isomers - investigated by electron ionization and VUV-photoionization molecular-beam mass spectrometry”. COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156.6 (2009): 1181-1201.
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