How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age

Karaolis-Danckert N, Guenther ALB, Kroke A, Hornberg C, Buyken AE (2007)
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 86(6): 1700-1708.

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Background: It is not clear whether the adverse effects of rapid weight gain in infancy are modified by nutrition during the first 2 y of life in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age (AGA). Objective: We examined the interaction between rapid weight gain and nutrition in infancy and early childhood and their effect on body fat percentage (BF%) trajectories between 2 and 5 y of age. Design: The study population comprised 249 (51.4% female) term AGA participants of the Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study, for whom repeated anthropometric measurements until 5 y of age and information on breastfeeding status and on diet at 12 and 18-24 mo of age were available. Results: Multilevel model analyses showed that, among rapid growers, those who had been fully breastfed for >= 4 mo had a lower BF% at 2 y of age than did those who had not been fully breastfed for 4 mo (0 SE: -1.53 +/- 0.59%; P = 0.009). This difference persisted until 5 y. Furthermore, those rapid growers who had a consistently high fat intake at both 12 and 18-24 mo did not show the expected physiologic decrease in BF% between 2 and 5 y seen in those rapid growers with an inconsistent or consistently low fat intake at these time points (0.73 +/- 0.26%/y; P = 0.006). Conclusions: Among rapid growers, full breastfeeding for >= 4 mo is protective against a high BF% at 2 y of age, whereas a consistently high fat intake in the second year of life "inhibits" the physiologic decrease in BF% between 2 and 5 y.
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Karaolis-Danckert N, Guenther ALB, Kroke A, Hornberg C, Buyken AE. How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 2007;86(6):1700-1708.
Karaolis-Danckert, N., Guenther, A. L. B., Kroke, A., Hornberg, C., & Buyken, A. E. (2007). How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 86(6), 1700-1708.
Karaolis-Danckert, N., Guenther, A. L. B., Kroke, A., Hornberg, C., and Buyken, A. E. (2007). How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 86, 1700-1708.
Karaolis-Danckert, N., et al., 2007. How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, 86(6), p 1700-1708.
N. Karaolis-Danckert, et al., “How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age”, AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION, vol. 86, 2007, pp. 1700-1708.
Karaolis-Danckert, N., Guenther, A.L.B., Kroke, A., Hornberg, C., Buyken, A.E.: How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION. 86, 1700-1708 (2007).
Karaolis-Danckert, Nadina, Guenther, Anke L. B., Kroke, Anja, Hornberg, Claudia, and Buyken, Anette E. “How early dietary factors modify the effect of rapid weight gain in infancy on subsequent body-composition development in term children whose birth weight was appropriate for gestational age”. AMERICAN JOURNAL OF CLINICAL NUTRITION 86.6 (2007): 1700-1708.
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