Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene

Weniger K, Kleimann J, Grützmacher H-F (1997)
EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY 3(1): 271-280.

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Abstract
The unimolecular fragmentation of ionized 1-and 2-tert-butylnaphthalenes 1 and 2 have been investigated using mass analyzed ion kinetic energy (MIKE) spectrometry and specifically deuterated and C-13 labeled derivatives. Generally, the mass spectrometric fragmentations of 1 and 2 follow closely the reactions known for ionized tert-butylbenzene 3, Metastable molecular ions of 1, 2 and 3 lose exclusively a methyl radical yielding 2-naphthyl-2-propyl cations 1a and 2a or 2-phenyl-2-propyl cations 3a, Further fragmentations of la and 2a include, as the main processes, the elimination of C2H4 and of CH3., The loss of C2H4 is associated with a large kinetic energy release giving rise to a broad flat-topped peak in the MIKE spectra (as in the case of 3a) while loss of CH3 gives rise to a Gaussian shaped signal, The latter reaction is not observed for metastable 2-phenyl-2-propyl cations 3a, The fragmentations of labeled derivatives of 1 and 2 show that H/D exchange in la and 2a, between the methyl groups of the side chain and the naphthalene ring, preceding the losses of C2H4 and of CH3., is much more extensive than in 3a, This H/D exchange decreases for metastable 1a and 2a decomposing in the second field-free region, and the interchange of the C atoms within the C3H6 is less than for 3a, These observations are explained by H migrations between the side chain and the naphthalene rings of 1a and 2a, before the rearrangements within the side chain by the series of reversible 1,2-H shifts, of a 1,2-aryl shift, and of a 1,2-methyl shift known for the reactions of 3a, The differences observed for the reactions of 1a and 2a and of 3a are explained by the more basic aryl group of 1a and 2a, These fragmentation mechanisms are corroborated by an AM1 calculation of the minimum energy reaction pathways (MERP).
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Weniger K, Kleimann J, Grützmacher H-F. Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY. 1997;3(1):271-280.
Weniger, K., Kleimann, J., & Grützmacher, H. - F. (1997). Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY, 3(1), 271-280.
Weniger, K., Kleimann, J., and Grützmacher, H. - F. (1997). Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY 3, 271-280.
Weniger, K., Kleimann, J., & Grützmacher, H.-F., 1997. Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY, 3(1), p 271-280.
K. Weniger, J. Kleimann, and H.-F. Grützmacher, “Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene”, EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY, vol. 3, 1997, pp. 271-280.
Weniger, K., Kleimann, J., Grützmacher, H.-F.: Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY. 3, 271-280 (1997).
Weniger, Katrin, Kleimann, Jörg, and Grützmacher, Hans-Friedrich. “Mass spectrometry of tert-butylnaphthalenes - a comparison with the unimolecular fragmentation of tert-butylbenzene”. EUROPEAN MASS SPECTROMETRY 3.1 (1997): 271-280.
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