The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time?

Borkenau P, Ostendorf F (1998)
JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY 32(2): 202-221.

Journal Article | Published | English

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This study investigated the similarity between the factor structure of longitudinal variations in states and the factor structure of individual differences in traits. On 90 consecutive days, 22 students self-administered 30 self-report items that were markers of the Big Five. Most participants showed good discrimination among the 90 measurement occasions. Correlations were computed between items across measurement occasions. These P-correlations were factored, and the factor matrices were target rotated toward a reference factor structure of individual differences, using orthogonal Procrustes rotations. A substantial match was obtained between the factor structure of longitudinal correlations that had been averaged across participants and the factor structure of individual differences. For individual participants, this factor match was worse. It is concluded that the Big Five are useful to describe longitudinal variations in states. A sharp distinction between the five-factor model and the trait approach is recommended. (C) 1998 Academic Press.
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Borkenau P, Ostendorf F. The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time? JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY. 1998;32(2):202-221.
Borkenau, P., & Ostendorf, F. (1998). The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time? JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY, 32(2), 202-221.
Borkenau, P., and Ostendorf, F. (1998). The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time? JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY 32, 202-221.
Borkenau, P., & Ostendorf, F., 1998. The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time? JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY, 32(2), p 202-221.
P. Borkenau and F. Ostendorf, “The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time?”, JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY, vol. 32, 1998, pp. 202-221.
Borkenau, P., Ostendorf, F.: The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time? JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY. 32, 202-221 (1998).
Borkenau, P, and Ostendorf, Fritz. “The Big Five as states: How useful is the five-factor model to describe intraindividual variations over time?”. JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN PERSONALITY 32.2 (1998): 202-221.
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