Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus

Tulving E, Markowitsch HJ (1998)
HIPPOCAMPUS 8(3): 198-204.

No fulltext has been uploaded. References only!
Journal Article | | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

The fact that medial temporal robe structures, including the hippocampus, are critical for declarative memory is firmly established by now. The understanding of the role that these structures play in declarative memory, however, despite great efforts spent in the quest, has eluded investigators so far. Given the existing scenario, novel ideas that hold the promise of clarifying matters should be eagerly sought. One such idea was recently proposed by Vargha-Khadem and her colleagues (Science 1997; 277:376-380) on the basis of their study of three young people suffering from anterograde amnesia caused by early-onset hippocampal pathology. The idea is that the hippocampus is necessary for remembering ongoing life's experiences (episodic memory), but not necessary for the acquisition of factual knowledge (semantic memory). We discuss the reasons why this novel proposal makes good sense and why it and its ramifications should be vigorously pursued. We review and compare declarative and episodic theories of amnesia, and argue that the findings reported by Vargha-Khadem and her colleagues fit well into an episodic theory that retains components already publicized, and adds new ones suggested by the Vargha-Khadem et al. study. Existing components of this theory include the idea that acquisition of factual knowledge can occur independently of episodic memory, and the idea that in anterograde amnesia it is quite possible for episodic memory to be more severely impaired than semantic memory. We suggest a realignment of organization of memory such that declarative memory is defined in terms of features and properties that are common to both episodic and semantic memory. The organization of memory thus modified gives greater precision to the Vargha-Khadem et al. neuroanatomical model in which declarative memory depends on perihippocampal cortical regions but not on the hippocampus, whereas episodic memory, which is separate from declarative memory, depends on the hippocampus. (C) 1998 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Publishing Year

Cite this

Tulving E, Markowitsch HJ. Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus. HIPPOCAMPUS. 1998;8(3):198-204.
Tulving, E., & Markowitsch, H. J. (1998). Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus. HIPPOCAMPUS, 8(3), 198-204. doi:10.1002/(SICI)1098-1063(1998)8:3<198::AID-HIPO2>3.0.CO;2-G
Tulving, E., and Markowitsch, H. J. (1998). Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus. HIPPOCAMPUS 8, 198-204.
Tulving, E., & Markowitsch, H.J., 1998. Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus. HIPPOCAMPUS, 8(3), p 198-204.
E. Tulving and H.J. Markowitsch, “Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus”, HIPPOCAMPUS, vol. 8, 1998, pp. 198-204.
Tulving, E., Markowitsch, H.J.: Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus. HIPPOCAMPUS. 8, 198-204 (1998).
Tulving, E, and Markowitsch, Hans J. “Episodic and declarative memory: Role of the hippocampus”. HIPPOCAMPUS 8.3 (1998): 198-204.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

271 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Role of the parahippocampal cortex in memory for the configuration but not the identity of objects: converging evidence from patients with selective thermal lesions and fMRI.
Bohbot VD, Allen JJ, Dagher A, Dumoulin SO, Evans AC, Petrides M, Kalina M, Stepankova K, Nadel L., Front Hum Neurosci 9(), 2015
PMID: 26283949
Semantic Processing Impairment in Patients with Temporal Lobe Epilepsy.
Jaimes-Bautista AG, Rodriguez-Camacho M, Martinez-Juarez IE, Rodriguez-Agudelo Y., Epilepsy Res Treat 2015(), 2015
PMID: 26257956
Cognitive status of edentate elders wearing complete denture: Does quality of denture matter?
Cerutti-Kopplin D, Emami E, Hilgert JB, Hugo FN, Padilha DM., J Dent 43(9), 2015
PMID: 26188327
Neural computations mediating one-shot learning in the human brain.
Lee SW, O'Doherty JP, Shimojo S., PLoS Biol. 13(4), 2015
PMID: 25919291
A limited positioning system for memory.
Shapiro M., Hippocampus 25(6), 2015
PMID: 25800503
Spatial characterization of a multifunctional pipette for drug delivery in hippocampal brain slices.
Ahemaiti A, Wigstrom H, Ainla A, Jeffries GD, Orwar O, Jesorka A, Jardemark K., J. Neurosci. Methods 241(), 2015
PMID: 25554414
Memory for faces: the effect of facial appearance and the context in which the face is encountered.
Mattarozzi K, Todorov A, Codispoti M., Psychol Res 79(2), 2015
PMID: 24619533
Does self-construal predict activity in the social brain network? A genetic moderation effect.
Ma Y, Wang C, Li B, Zhang W, Rao Y, Han S., Soc Cogn Affect Neurosci 9(9), 2014
PMID: 24009354
Memory and self-neuroscientific landscapes.
Markowitsch HJ., ISRN Neurosci 2013(), 2013
PMID: 24967303
Coffee consumption may influence hippocampal volume in young women.
Perlaki G, Orsi G, Kovacs N, Schwarcz A, Pap Z, Kalmar Z, Plozer E, Csatho A, Gabriel R, Komoly S, Janszky I, Janszky J., Brain Imaging Behav 5(4), 2011
PMID: 21717131
The chicken with four legs: a case of semantic amnesia and cryptogenic epilepsy.
Giovagnoli AR, Villani F, Bell B, Erbetta A, Avanzini G., Epilepsy Behav 14(1), 2009
PMID: 18930165
[Knowing without remembering: the contribution of developmental amnesia].
Lebrun-Givois C, Guillery-Girard B, Thomas-Anterion C, Laurent B., Rev. Neurol. (Paris) 164 Suppl 3(), 2008
PMID: 18675036
[Neuropsychological assessment in epilepsy surgery of children].
Jambaque I., Neurochirurgie 54(3), 2008
PMID: 18417169
The slave model of autobiographical memory.
Windhorst C., Cogn Process 6(4), 2005
PMID: 18239954

69 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Long-term depression in hippocampus.
Bear MF, Abraham WC., Annu. Rev. Neurosci. 19(), 1996
PMID: 8833450
What Is Episodic Memory?
Tulving, Current Directions in Psychological Science 2(3), 1993
Long-term follow-up of a childhood amnesic syndrome.
Wood FB, Brown IS, Felton RH., Brain Cogn 10(1), 1989
PMID: 2713146
Cognitive maps beyond the hippocampus.
Redish AD, Touretzky DS., Hippocampus 7(1), 1997
PMID: 9138665
The functional anatomy of memory.
Fletcher PC, Dolan RJ, Frith CD., Experientia 51(12), 1995
PMID: 8536807
Memory consolidation and the medial temporal lobe: a simple network model.
Alvarez P, Squire LR., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 91(15), 1994
PMID: 8041742
Brain activity during memory retrieval. The influence of imagery and semantic cueing.
Fletcher PC, Shallice T, Frith CD, Frackowiak RS, Dolan RJ., Brain 119 ( Pt 5)(), 1996
PMID: 8931582
Memory for Items and Memory for Relations in the Procedural/Declarative Memory Framework
Cohen, Memory 5(1), 1997
Episodic memory deficit in elderly adults with suspected delusional disorder.
Herlitz A, Forsell Y., Acta Psychiatr Scand 93(5), 1996
PMID: 8792905
The betula prospective cohort study: Memory, health, and aging
Nilsson, Aging Neuropsychology and Cognition 4(1), 1997
Searching for the anatomical basis of retrograde amnesia.
Markowitsch HJ, Calabrese P, Haupts M, Durwen HF, Liess J, Gehlen W., J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 15(6), 1993
PMID: 8120130
Recovered consciousness: a hypothesis concerning modularity and episodic memory.
Moscovitch M., J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 17(2), 1995
PMID: 7629272
Dense amnesia in a professional musician following herpes simplex virus encephalitis.
Wilson BA, Baddeley AD, Kapur N., J Clin Exp Neuropsychol 17(5), 1995
PMID: 8557808


0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®


PMID: 9662134
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar