Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay

Segundo E, Martinez-Abarca F, van Dillewijn P, Fernandez-Lopez M, Lagares A, Martinez-Drets G, Niehaus K, Pühler A, Toro N (1999)
FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY 28(2): 169-176.

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Abstract
The diversity, growth and symbiotic behaviour of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay were analysed. Partial sequencing of the 16S rDNA indicated that these isolates belong to Sinorhizobium meliloti species. IS-fingerprinting analysis revealed a high diversity among the isolates but some of them appear related to inoculant strains currently used in the region. The S. meliloti isolates showed a decreased growth rate with increasing acidity. They were, however, able to nodulate alfalfa at pH 5.6, but showed a delayed nodulation and decreased nodule number typical of S. meliloti strains. The impaired nodulation of S. meliloti at pH 5.6 did not result in a reduction of alfalfa dry matter production or nitrogen content. However, significant differences were observed for the relative symbiotic effectiveness of the strains analysed. LPU63 (Argentina) was the most effective among the isolates and exhibited a high nodulation competitiveness at both neutral and acidic pH. These results suggest that the isolate LPU63 may be a potential efficient inoculant for alfalfa in acid soils. (C) 1999 Federation of European Microbiological Societies. Published by Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Segundo E, Martinez-Abarca F, van Dillewijn P, et al. Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. 1999;28(2):169-176.
Segundo, E., Martinez-Abarca, F., van Dillewijn, P., Fernandez-Lopez, M., Lagares, A., Martinez-Drets, G., Niehaus, K., et al. (1999). Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, 28(2), 169-176.
Segundo, E., Martinez-Abarca, F., van Dillewijn, P., Fernandez-Lopez, M., Lagares, A., Martinez-Drets, G., Niehaus, K., Pühler, A., and Toro, N. (1999). Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY 28, 169-176.
Segundo, E., et al., 1999. Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, 28(2), p 169-176.
E. Segundo, et al., “Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay”, FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY, vol. 28, 1999, pp. 169-176.
Segundo, E., Martinez-Abarca, F., van Dillewijn, P., Fernandez-Lopez, M., Lagares, A., Martinez-Drets, G., Niehaus, K., Pühler, A., Toro, N.: Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY. 28, 169-176 (1999).
Segundo, E, Martinez-Abarca, F, van Dillewijn, P, Fernandez-Lopez, M, Lagares, A, Martinez-Drets, G, Niehaus, Karsten, Pühler, Alfred, and Toro, N. “Characterisation of symbiotically efficient alfalfa-nodulating rhizobia isolated from acid soils of Argentina and Uruguay”. FEMS MICROBIOLOGY ECOLOGY 28.2 (1999): 169-176.
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