Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation

Dellinger T, Trillmich F (1999)
CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE 77(8): 1204-1216.

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Analysis of fish otoliths in scats and vomits of Galapagos fur seals (Arctocephalus galapagoensis) and Galapagos sea lions (Zalophus californianus wollebaeki) was used to determine the numerical composition of the diets for the post-El Nino year 1983, the cold seasons in 1984 and 1985, and the warm season in 1986. Between 84 and 99% of all otoliths in fur seal scats were from myctophids and bathylagids. The fur seals' diet included 26 species. Only 3 species contributed more than 1% of otoliths. No seasonal differences in diet were found. Sea lion samples contained a mean of 14 otoliths. Sardines (Sardinops sagax) contributed 75-85% of otoliths. Sea lions preyed on 24 species, but only 3 surpassed 1% abundance. Seasonality was not reflected in the sea lions' diet. After the 1982-1983 El Nino, the diets of both species deviated from those in all other years of the study. Food-niche overlap between the two sympatric species was almost non-existent. This is hard to understand, based on our knowledge of the diving capabilities of the two species, but reflects the fact that Galapagos fur seals are nighttime foragers and sea lions are daytime foragers.
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Dellinger T, Trillmich F. Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE. 1999;77(8):1204-1216.
Dellinger, T., & Trillmich, F. (1999). Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE, 77(8), 1204-1216.
Dellinger, T., and Trillmich, F. (1999). Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE 77, 1204-1216.
Dellinger, T., & Trillmich, F., 1999. Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE, 77(8), p 1204-1216.
T. Dellinger and F. Trillmich, “Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation”, CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE, vol. 77, 1999, pp. 1204-1216.
Dellinger, T., Trillmich, F.: Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE. 77, 1204-1216 (1999).
Dellinger, T, and Trillmich, Fritz. “Fish prey of the sympatric Galapagos fur seals and sea lions: seasonal variation and niche separation”. CANADIAN JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY-REVUE CANADIENNE DE ZOOLOGIE 77.8 (1999): 1204-1216.
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