Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus

Grotjohann N, Kowallik W, Huang Y, den Baumen ASI (2000)
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES 55(3-4): 203-212.

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Zeitschriftenaufsatz | Veröffentlicht | Englisch
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Abstract / Bemerkung
Axenic mycelia of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus, were grown in liquid media under continuous aeration with compressed air at 25 degrees C in darkness. Provided with glucose as the only carbohydrate source, they produced similar amounts of dry weight with ammonia, with nitrate or with alanine, 60-80% more with glutamate or glutamine, but about 35% less with urea as the respectively only exogenous nitrogen source. In crude extracts of cells from NH4+-cultures, NADH-dependent glutamate dehydrogenase exhibited high aminating (688 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)) and low deaminating (21 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)) activities. Its K-m-values for 2-oxoglutarate and for glutamate were 1.43 mM and 23.99 mM, respectively ps-optimum for amination was about 7.2, that for deamination about 9.3. Glutamine synthetase activity was comparatively low (59 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)). Its affinity for glutamate was poor (K-m = 23.7 mM), while that for the NH4+ replacing NH2OH was high (K-m = 0.19 mM). pH-optimum was found at 7.0. Glutamate synthase (= GOGAT) revealed similar low activity (62 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)), K-m-values for glutamine and for 2-oxoglutarate of 2.82 mM and 0.28 mM, respectively, and pH-optimum around 8.0. Aspartate transaminase (= GOT) exhibited similar affinities for aspartate (K-m = 2.55 mM) and for glutamate (K-m = 3.13 mM), but clearly different K-m-values for 2-oxoglutarate (1.46 mM) and for oxaloacetate (0.13 mM). Activity at optimum pH of about 8.0 was 506 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1) for aspartate conversion, but only 39 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1) at optimum pH of about 7.0 for glutamate conversion. Activity (599 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)), substrate affinities (K-m for alanine = 6.30 mM, for 2-oxoglutarate = 0.45 mM) and pH-optimum (6.5-7.5) proved alanine transaminase (= GPT) also important in distribution of intracellular nitrogen. There was comparatively low activity of the obviously constitutive enzyme, urease, (42 nmol x mg protein(-1) x min(-1)) whose substrate affinity was rather high (K-m = 0.56 mM). Nitrate reductase proved substrate induced; activity could only be measured after exposure of the mycelia to exogenous nitrate. Routes of entry of exogenous nitrogen and tentative significance of the various enzymes in cell metabolism are discussed.
Erscheinungsjahr
Zeitschriftentitel
ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES
Band
55
Zeitschriftennummer
3-4
Seite
203-212
ISSN
PUB-ID

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Grotjohann N, Kowallik W, Huang Y, den Baumen ASI. Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES. 2000;55(3-4):203-212.
Grotjohann, N., Kowallik, W., Huang, Y., & den Baumen, A. S. I. (2000). Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES, 55(3-4), 203-212.
Grotjohann, N., Kowallik, W., Huang, Y., and den Baumen, A. S. I. (2000). Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES 55, 203-212.
Grotjohann, N., et al., 2000. Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES, 55(3-4), p 203-212.
N. Grotjohann, et al., “Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus”, ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES, vol. 55, 2000, pp. 203-212.
Grotjohann, N., Kowallik, W., Huang, Y., den Baumen, A.S.I.: Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES. 55, 203-212 (2000).
Grotjohann, Norbert, Kowallik, W, Huang, Y, and den Baumen, ASI. “Investigations into enzymes of nitrogen metabolism of the ectomycorrhizal basidiomycete, Suillus bovinus”. ZEITSCHRIFT FUR NATURFORSCHUNG C-A JOURNAL OF BIOSCIENCES 55.3-4 (2000): 203-212.

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Distinctive properties and expression profiles of glutamine synthetase from a plant symbiotic fungus.
Montanini B, Betti M, Márquez AJ, Balestrini R, Bonfante P, Ottonello S., Biochem J 373(pt 2), 2003
PMID: 12683951

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