Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels

Kratz K, Hellweg T, Eimer W (2000)
Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 170(2-3): 137-149.

Journal Article | Published | English

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The volume phase transition of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels depends in a complex way on the effective charge density within the polymer network. A series of monodisperse PNIPAM/AAc microgels with different content of acrylic acid were synthesized by surfactant-free emulsion polymerization employing sonication instead of a conventional stirring technique. Subsequently, the colloids were characterized by dynamic light scattering and electron microscopy. Potentiometric titrations provided the amount of carboxyl groups incorporated into the copolymer. The effective charge density was systematically controlled by the: content of acrylic acid monomers, the pH value of the suspension, and the salt concentration. The hydrodynamic dimensions of the microgels have been measured by dynamic light scattering. The swelling/deswelling behavior is determined by the delicate balance between hydrophobic attraction of NIPAM and the repulsive electrostatic interactions of the carboxylate group of the acrylic acid moieties. Compared to their macroscopic counterparts the charged microgel particles show a significantly different swelling/deswelling behavior. This manifests in the occurrence of a two-step volume phase-transition process with increasing acrylic acid content. Hydrogen bonding has to be considered to understand this two step volume phase transition uniquely observed for colloidal microgels. Another interesting phenomenon presented here is the reversible formation of well-defined aggregates at low pH and under high salt conditions. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
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Kratz K, Hellweg T, Eimer W. Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 2000;170(2-3):137-149.
Kratz, K., Hellweg, T., & Eimer, W. (2000). Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 170(2-3), 137-149.
Kratz, K., Hellweg, T., and Eimer, W. (2000). Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 170, 137-149.
Kratz, K., Hellweg, T., & Eimer, W., 2000. Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, 170(2-3), p 137-149.
K. Kratz, T. Hellweg, and W. Eimer, “Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels”, Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects, vol. 170, 2000, pp. 137-149.
Kratz, K., Hellweg, T., Eimer, W.: Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. 170, 137-149 (2000).
Kratz, K, Hellweg, Thomas, and Eimer, W. “Influence of charge density on the swelling of colloidal poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-acrylic acid) microgels”. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects 170.2-3 (2000): 137-149.
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