Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes

Calabrese P, Neufeld H, Falk A, Markowitsch HJ, Muller C, Heuser L, Gehlen W, Durwen HF (2001)
FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE 69(1): 42-50.

Journal Article | Published | German

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Abstract
For over a century the cerebral representation of language functions is a matter of debate. In Neuroscience language is regarded as one of the most lateralized cognitive functions. Thus, while the language which is acquired first in most cases is processed by the left hemisphere some studies in brain damaged but also experimental investigations propose a pivotal role of the right hemisphere in second language processing. By the advent of modern neuroimaging it is now possible to study language lateralization and bilinguality also in healthy subjects. We studied first and second language abilities in a group of bilingual, healthy individuals by means of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) with a word-fluency paradigm. While we found a predominantly left prefrontal activity during both first and also second language processing an additional right prefrontal activation was registered during the use of second language. Our findings are discussed on the basis of an interaction between language and memory processes.
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Calabrese P, Neufeld H, Falk A, et al. Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE. 2001;69(1):42-50.
Calabrese, P., Neufeld, H., Falk, A., Markowitsch, H. J., Muller, C., Heuser, L., Gehlen, W., et al. (2001). Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE, 69(1), 42-50.
Calabrese, P., Neufeld, H., Falk, A., Markowitsch, H. J., Muller, C., Heuser, L., Gehlen, W., and Durwen, H. F. (2001). Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE 69, 42-50.
Calabrese, P., et al., 2001. Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE, 69(1), p 42-50.
P. Calabrese, et al., “Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes”, FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE, vol. 69, 2001, pp. 42-50.
Calabrese, P., Neufeld, H., Falk, A., Markowitsch, H.J., Muller, C., Heuser, L., Gehlen, W., Durwen, H.F.: Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE. 69, 42-50 (2001).
Calabrese, P, Neufeld, H, Falk, A, Markowitsch, Hans J., Muller, C, Heuser, L, Gehlen, W, and Durwen, HF. “Word generation in bilinguals - fMRI study with implications for language and memory processes”. FORTSCHRITTE DER NEUROLOGIE PSYCHIATRIE 69.1 (2001): 42-50.
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