Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits

McCrae RR, Jang KL, Livesley WJ, Riemann R, Angleitner A (2001)
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 69(4): 511-535.

Download
No fulltext has been uploaded. References only!
Journal Article | Original Article | Published | English

No fulltext has been uploaded

Author
; ; ; ;
Abstract
The phenotypic structure of personality traits has been well described, but it has not yet been explained causally. Behavior genetic covariance analyses can identify the underlying causes of phenotypic structure; previous behavior genetic research has suggested that the effects from both genetic and nonshared environmental influences mirror the phenotype. However, nonshared environmental effects are usually estimated as a residual term that may also include systematic bias, such as that introduced by implicit personality theory. To reduce that bias, we supplemented data from Canadian and German twin studies with cross-observer correlations on the Revised NEO Personality Inventory. The hypothesized five-factor structure was found in both the phenotypic and genetic/familial covariances. When the residual covariance was decomposed into true nonshared environmental influences and method bias, only the latter showed the five-factor structure. True nonshared environmental influences are not structured as genetic influences are, although there was some suggestion that they do affect two personality dimensions, Conscientiousness and Love. These data reaffirm the value of behavior genetic analyses for research on the underlying causes of personality traits.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

McCrae RR, Jang KL, Livesley WJ, Riemann R, Angleitner A. Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 2001;69(4):511-535.
McCrae, R. R., Jang, K. L., Livesley, W. J., Riemann, R., & Angleitner, A. (2001). Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 69(4), 511-535.
McCrae, R. R., Jang, K. L., Livesley, W. J., Riemann, R., and Angleitner, A. (2001). Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 69, 511-535.
McCrae, R.R., et al., 2001. Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, 69(4), p 511-535.
R.R. McCrae, et al., “Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits”, JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY, vol. 69, 2001, pp. 511-535.
McCrae, R.R., Jang, K.L., Livesley, W.J., Riemann, R., Angleitner, A.: Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY. 69, 511-535 (2001).
McCrae, RR, Jang, KL, Livesley, WJ, Riemann, Rainer, and Angleitner, Alois. “Sources of structure: Genetic, environmental, and artifactual influences on the covariation of personality traits”. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY 69.4 (2001): 511-535.
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

36 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Association between reduced extraversion and right posterior fusiform gyrus gray matter reduction in chronic schizophrenia.
Onitsuka T, Nestor PG, Gurrera RJ, Shenton ME, Kasai K, Frumin M, Niznikiewicz MA, McCarley RW., Am J Psychiatry 162(3), 2005
PMID: 15741479
5-HT 1A polymorphism and self-transcendence in mood disorders.
Lorenzi C, Serretti A, Mandelli L, Tubazio V, Ploia C, Smeraldi E., Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 137B(1), 2005
PMID: 15952185
Personality profiles of cultures: aggregate personality traits.
McCrae RR, Terracciano A., J Pers Soc Psychol 89(3), 2005
PMID: 16248722
Hierarchical linear modeling analyses of the NEO-PI-R scales in the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.
Terracciano A, McCrae RR, Brant LJ, Costa PT., Psychol Aging 20(3), 2005
PMID: 16248708
Personality self-reports are concurrently reliable and valid during acute depressive episodes.
Costa PT, Bagby RM, Herbst JH, McCrae RR., J Affect Disord 89(1-3), 2005
PMID: 16203041
Genetic variants implicated in personality: a review of the more promising candidates.
Savitz JB, Ramesar RS., Am J Med Genet B Neuropsychiatr Genet 131B(1), 2004
PMID: 15389772
[Person. Personality. Personality disorder?].
Sass H., Nervenarzt 73(3), 2002
PMID: 11963255
The representation of borderline, avoidant, obsessive-compulsive, and schizotypal personality disorders by the five-factor model.
Morey LC, Gunderson JG, Quigley BD, Shea MT, Skodol AE, McGlashan TH, Stout RL, Zanarini MC., J Pers Disord 16(3), 2002
PMID: 12136679

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 11497029
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar