Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval

Markowitsch HJ, Thiel A, Reinkemeier M, Kessler J, Koyuncu A, Heiss WD (2000)
BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY 12(4): 181-190.

Journal Article | Published | English

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Abstract
What distinguishes the recall of real-life experiences from that of self-created, fictitious emotionally laden information? Both kinds of information belong to the episodic memory system. Autobiographic memories constitute that part of the episodic memory system that is composed of significant life episodes, primarily of the distant past. Functional imaging was used to study the neural networks engaged in retrieving autobiographic and fictitious information of closely similar content. The principally activated brain regions overlapped considerably and constituted temporal and interior prefrontal regions plus the cerebellum, Selective activations of the right amygdala and the right ventral prefrontal cortex (at the level of the uncinate fascicle interconnnecting prefrontal and temporopolar areas) were found when subtracting fictitious from autobiographic retrieval. Furthermore, distinct foci in the left temporal lobe were engaged. These data demonstrate that autobiographic memory retrieval uses (at least in non-brain damaged individuals) a network of right hemispheric ventral prefrontal and temporopolar regions and left hemispheric lateral temporal regions. It is concluded that it is the experiential character, its special emotional infiltration and its arousal which distinguishes memory of real-life from that of fictitious episodes. Consequently, our results point to the engagement of a bi-hemispheric network in which the right temporo-prefrontal hemisphere is likely to be responsible for the affective/arousal side of information retrieval and the left-hemispheric temporal gyrus for its engram-like representation. Portions of the neural activation found during retrieval might, however, reflect re-encoding processes as well.
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Markowitsch HJ, Thiel A, Reinkemeier M, Kessler J, Koyuncu A, Heiss WD. Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY. 2000;12(4):181-190.
Markowitsch, H. J., Thiel, A., Reinkemeier, M., Kessler, J., Koyuncu, A., & Heiss, W. D. (2000). Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY, 12(4), 181-190.
Markowitsch, H. J., Thiel, A., Reinkemeier, M., Kessler, J., Koyuncu, A., and Heiss, W. D. (2000). Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY 12, 181-190.
Markowitsch, H.J., et al., 2000. Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY, 12(4), p 181-190.
H.J. Markowitsch, et al., “Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval”, BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY, vol. 12, 2000, pp. 181-190.
Markowitsch, H.J., Thiel, A., Reinkemeier, M., Kessler, J., Koyuncu, A., Heiss, W.D.: Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY. 12, 181-190 (2000).
Markowitsch, Hans J., Thiel, A, Reinkemeier, M, Kessler, J, Koyuncu, A, and Heiss, WD. “Right amygdalar and temporofrontal activation during autobiographic, but not during fictitious memory retrieval”. BEHAVIOURAL NEUROLOGY 12.4 (2000): 181-190.
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