Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions

Schmalhorst J-M, Bruckl H, Reiss G, Gieres G, Wecker J (2002)
JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 91(10): 6617-6625.

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Abstract
We investigated the structural, the magnetic, the magnetotransport, and the tunneling properties of CoFe/Al2O3/Ni81Fe19 junctions with an artificial ferrimagnet as a pinning layer for different Al thickness and oxidation time after isochronal annealing up to 500 degreesC. The main purpose of these experiments is to find relations between the structural changes upon annealing and the modifications of the physical magnetotransport and barrier properties, which could also be important for the further application of such tunneling elements in spinelectronics. The tunneling magnetoresistance (TMR) shows a strong increase up to 37% after annealing at 300 degreesC accompanied by an improvement of the dielectric stability and the voltage dependence of the TMR. At higher temperature, the TMR starts to decrease. The dielectric stability remains good up to annealing temperatures of 500 degreesC, indicating an excellent thermal stability of the Al2O3 barrier. All results can be related to thermally induced structural changes of the microstructure which have been determined by Auger depth profiling and complementary methods. (C) 2002 American Institute of Physics.
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Schmalhorst J-M, Bruckl H, Reiss G, Gieres G, Wecker J. Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS. 2002;91(10):6617-6625.
Schmalhorst, J. - M., Bruckl, H., Reiss, G., Gieres, G., & Wecker, J. (2002). Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 91(10), 6617-6625.
Schmalhorst, J. - M., Bruckl, H., Reiss, G., Gieres, G., and Wecker, J. (2002). Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 91, 6617-6625.
Schmalhorst, J.-M., et al., 2002. Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, 91(10), p 6617-6625.
J.-M. Schmalhorst, et al., “Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions”, JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS, vol. 91, 2002, pp. 6617-6625.
Schmalhorst, J.-M., Bruckl, H., Reiss, G., Gieres, G., Wecker, J.: Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS. 91, 6617-6625 (2002).
Schmalhorst, Jan-Michael, Bruckl, H, Reiss, Günter, Gieres, G, and Wecker, J. “Magnetotransport and microstructure of annealed magnetic tunnel junctions”. JOURNAL OF APPLIED PHYSICS 91.10 (2002): 6617-6625.
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