Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry

Witt M, Grützmacher H-F (2002)
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY 13(11): 1273-1281.

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By injection of the proton bound homodimer [(DMFH+.DMF)-H-.] of N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF) generated in an external ion source into a mixture of DMF and a second base within the cell of a Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) spectrometer the equilibria between [(DMFH+.DMF)-H-.] and the other possible proton bound dimers [DMF(.)H(+.)base] and [base(.)H(+.)base] have been studied for 13 different bases. Strongly polar bases like aliphatic amides and dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) exchange both DMF in [(DMFH+.DMF)-H-.] by a two step process, while the almost non-polar amines exchange only one DMF. If the base is a primary or secondary amine, the proton bound heterodimer [DMF(.)H(+.)amine] reacts further by the addition of one DMF to create a proton bound trimer [(DMF)(2)(.)H(+.)amine]. The affinity DeltaG(DMFH+) of the bases towards protonated DMF relative to neutral DMF depends linearly on the difference DeltaGB of the gas phase basicity of DMF and the other base, but different correlation lines are obtained for polar and non-polar ligands (DeltaG(DMFH+) = 0.44GB(base)-375 [kJ/mol] (r = 0.97) and DeltaG(DMFH+) = 0.46GB(base)-397 [kJ/mol] (r = 0.99), respectively). This different behavior is explained by a different character of the proton bridge in the heterodimers containing only polar ligands and those incorporating a non-polar ligand besides DMF. The former dimers contain a more or less symmetric proton bridge while the latter can be viewed as a protonated base solvated by DMF. The available data have been used to calculate the molecular pair gas phase basicity of DMF and the 13 bases used and to estimate the dissociation energies of the bonds of the proton bridge in various proton bound heterodimers. (C) 2002 American Society for Mass Spectrometry.
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Witt M, Grützmacher H-F. Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY. 2002;13(11):1273-1281.
Witt, M., & Grützmacher, H. - F. (2002). Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY, 13(11), 1273-1281.
Witt, M., and Grützmacher, H. - F. (2002). Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY 13, 1273-1281.
Witt, M., & Grützmacher, H.-F., 2002. Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY, 13(11), p 1273-1281.
M. Witt and H.-F. Grützmacher, “Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry”, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY, vol. 13, 2002, pp. 1273-1281.
Witt, M., Grützmacher, H.-F.: Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY. 13, 1273-1281 (2002).
Witt, Matthias, and Grützmacher, Hans-Friedrich. “Proton bound homodimers and heterodimers of amides and amines in the gas phase. Equilibrium studies by Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance spectrometry”. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN SOCIETY FOR MASS SPECTROMETRY 13.11 (2002): 1273-1281.
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