Direct measurement of light waves

Goulielmakis E, Uiberacker M, Kienberger R, Baltuska A, Yakovlev V, Scrinzi A, Westerwalbesloh T, Kleineberg U, Heinzmann U, Drescher M, Krausz F (2004)
SCIENCE 305(5688): 1267-1269.

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Abstract
The electromagnetic field of visible light performs similar to10(15) oscillations per second. Although many instruments are sensitive to the amplitude and frequency (or wavelength) of these oscillations, they cannot access the light field itself. We directly observed how the field built up and disappeared in a short, few-cycle pulse of visible laser light by probing the variation of the field strength with a 250-attosecond electron burst. Our apparatus allows complete characterization of few-cycle waves of visible, ultraviolet, and/or infrared light, thereby providing the possibility for controlled and reproducible synthesis of ultrabroadband light waveforms.
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Goulielmakis E, Uiberacker M, Kienberger R, et al. Direct measurement of light waves. SCIENCE. 2004;305(5688):1267-1269.
Goulielmakis, E., Uiberacker, M., Kienberger, R., Baltuska, A., Yakovlev, V., Scrinzi, A., Westerwalbesloh, T., et al. (2004). Direct measurement of light waves. SCIENCE, 305(5688), 1267-1269. doi:10.1126/science.1100866
Goulielmakis, E., Uiberacker, M., Kienberger, R., Baltuska, A., Yakovlev, V., Scrinzi, A., Westerwalbesloh, T., Kleineberg, U., Heinzmann, U., Drescher, M., et al. (2004). Direct measurement of light waves. SCIENCE 305, 1267-1269.
Goulielmakis, E., et al., 2004. Direct measurement of light waves. SCIENCE, 305(5688), p 1267-1269.
E. Goulielmakis, et al., “Direct measurement of light waves”, SCIENCE, vol. 305, 2004, pp. 1267-1269.
Goulielmakis, E., Uiberacker, M., Kienberger, R., Baltuska, A., Yakovlev, V., Scrinzi, A., Westerwalbesloh, T., Kleineberg, U., Heinzmann, U., Drescher, M., Krausz, F.: Direct measurement of light waves. SCIENCE. 305, 1267-1269 (2004).
Goulielmakis, E, Uiberacker, M, Kienberger, R, Baltuska, A, Yakovlev, V, Scrinzi, A, Westerwalbesloh, T, Kleineberg, U, Heinzmann, Ulrich, Drescher, Markus, and Krausz, F. “Direct measurement of light waves”. SCIENCE 305.5688 (2004): 1267-1269.
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