Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory

Piefke M, Weiss PH, Markowitsch HJ, Fink GR (2005)
Human Brain Mapping 24(4): 313-324.

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Autobiographical memory is based on interactions between episodic memory contents, associated emotions, and a sense of self-continuity along the time axis of one's life. The functional neuroanatomy subserving autobiographical memory is known to include prefrontal, medial and lateral temporal, as well as retrosplenial brain areas; however, whether gender differences exist in neural correlates of autobiographical memory remains to be clarified. We reanalyzed data from a previous functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) experiment to investigate gender-related differences in the neural bases of autobiographical memories with differential remoteness and emotional valence. On the behavioral level, there were no significant gender differences in memory performance or emotional intensity of memories. Activations common to males and females during autobiographical memory retrieval were observed in a bilateral network of brain areas comprising medial and lateral temporal regions, including hippocampal and parahippocampal structures, posterior cingulate, as well as prefrontal cortex. In males (relative to females), all types of autobiographical memories investigated were associated with differential activation of the left parahippocampal gyrus. By contrast, right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex was activated differentially by females. In addition, the right insula was activated differentially in females during remote and negative memory retrieval. The data show gender-related differential neural activations within the network subserving autobiographical memory in both genders. We suggest that the differential activations may reflect gender-specific cognitive strategies during access to autobiographical memories that do not necessarily affect the behavioral level of memory performance and emotionality. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
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Piefke M, Weiss PH, Markowitsch HJ, Fink GR. Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory. Human Brain Mapping. 2005;24(4):313-324.
Piefke, M., Weiss, P. H., Markowitsch, H. J., & Fink, G. R. (2005). Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory. Human Brain Mapping, 24(4), 313-324. doi:10.1002/hbm.20092
Piefke, M., Weiss, P. H., Markowitsch, H. J., and Fink, G. R. (2005). Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory. Human Brain Mapping 24, 313-324.
Piefke, M., et al., 2005. Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory. Human Brain Mapping, 24(4), p 313-324.
M. Piefke, et al., “Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory”, Human Brain Mapping, vol. 24, 2005, pp. 313-324.
Piefke, M., Weiss, P.H., Markowitsch, H.J., Fink, G.R.: Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory. Human Brain Mapping. 24, 313-324 (2005).
Piefke, Martina, Weiss, PH, Markowitsch, Hans J., and Fink, GR. “Gender differences in the functional neuroanatomy of emotional episodic autobiographical memory”. Human Brain Mapping 24.4 (2005): 313-324.
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