Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs

Brunstein JC, Maier GW (2005)
Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89(2): 205-222.

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This research examined how implicit and self-attributed needs to achieve (labeled as n Ach and san Ach, respectively) combine with self-referenced and norm-referenced feedback to predict effort-related (task performance) and choice-related (task continuation) indexes of students' engagement in a mental concentration task. In Experiment I the authors found that in a task-focused setting, task performance was predicted by the joint effect of self-referenced feedback and n Ach, whereas task continuation was predicted by the joint effect of norm-referenced feedback and san Ach. In Experiment 2 the authors found that in an ego-focused setting, n Ach and san Ach interacted in the prediction of task performance but not of task continuation. In Experiment 3 the authors found that the effects of n Ach and san Ach on students' performance were mediated by the anticipated affective value of achievement outcomes. These findings are discussed in relation to a 2-systern approach to achievement motivation.
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Brunstein JC, Maier GW. Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2005;89(2):205-222.
Brunstein, J. C., & Maier, G. W. (2005). Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(2), 205-222.
Brunstein, J. C., and Maier, G. W. (2005). Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89, 205-222.
Brunstein, J.C., & Maier, G.W., 2005. Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 89(2), p 205-222.
J.C. Brunstein and G.W. Maier, “Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs”, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, vol. 89, 2005, pp. 205-222.
Brunstein, J.C., Maier, G.W.: Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 89, 205-222 (2005).
Brunstein, Joachim C., and Maier, Günter W. “Implicit and self-attributed motives to achieve: Two separate but interacting needs”. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 89.2 (2005): 205-222.
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