National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures

Terracciano A, Abdel-Khalek AM, Adam N, Adamovova L, Ahn C, Ahn HN, Alansari BM, Alcalay L, Allik J, Angleitner A, Avia MD, et al. (2005)
SCIENCE 310(5745): 96-100.

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Most people hold beliefs about personality characteristics typical of members of their own and others' cultures. These perceptions of national character may be generalizations from personal experience, stereotypes with a "kernel of truth," or inaccurate stereotypes. We obtained national character ratings of 3989 people from 49 cultures and compared them with the average personality scores of culture members assessed by observer ratings and self-reports. National character ratings were reliable but did not converge with assessed traits. Perceptions of national character thus appear to be unfounded stereotypes that may serve the function of maintaining a national identity.
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Terracciano A, Abdel-Khalek AM, Adam N, et al. National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. SCIENCE. 2005;310(5745):96-100.
Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H. N., Alansari, B. M., et al. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. SCIENCE, 310(5745), 96-100. doi:10.1126/science.1117199
Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A. M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H. N., Alansari, B. M., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Angleitner, A., et al. (2005). National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. SCIENCE 310, 96-100.
Terracciano, A., et al., 2005. National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. SCIENCE, 310(5745), p 96-100.
A. Terracciano, et al., “National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures”, SCIENCE, vol. 310, 2005, pp. 96-100.
Terracciano, A., Abdel-Khalek, A.M., Adam, N., Adamovova, L., Ahn, C., Ahn, H.N., Alansari, B.M., Alcalay, L., Allik, J., Angleitner, A., Avia, M.D., Ayearst, L.E., Barbaranelli, C., Beer, A., Borg-Cunen, M.A., Bratko, D., Brunner-Sciarra, M., Budzinski, L., Camart, N., Dahourou, D., De Fruyt, F., de Lima, M.P., del Pilar, G.E.H., Diener, E., Falzon, R., Fernando, K., Fickova, E., Fischer, R., Flores-Mendoza, C., Ghayur, M.A., Gulgoz, S., Hagberg, B., Halberstadt, J., Halim, M.S., Hrebickova, M., Humrichouse, J., Jensen, H.H., Jocic, D.D., Jonsson, F.H., Khoury, B., Klinkosz, W., Knezevic, G., Lauri, M.A., Leibovich, N., Martin, T.A., Marusic, I., Mastor, K.A., Matsumoto, D., McRorie, M., Meshcheriakov, B., Mortensen, E.L., Munyae, M., Nagy, J., Nakazato, K., Nansubuga, F., Oishi, S., Ojedokun, A.O., Ostendorf, F., Paulhus, D.L., Pelevin, S., Petot, J.M., Podobnik, N., Porrata, J.L., Pramila, V.S., Prentice, G., Realo, A., Reategui, N., Rolland, J.P., Rossier, J., Ruch, W., Rus, V.S., Sanchez-Bernardos, M.L., Schmidt, V., Sciculna-Calleja, S., Sekowski, A., Shakespeare-Finch, J., Shimonaka, Y., Simonetti, F., Sineshaw, T., Siuta, J., Smith, P.B., Trapnell, P.D., Trobst, K.K., Wang, L., Yik, M., Zupancic, A., McCrae, R.R.: National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures. SCIENCE. 310, 96-100 (2005).
Terracciano, A, Abdel-Khalek, AM, Adam, N, Adamovova, L, Ahn, C, Ahn, HN, Alansari, BM, Alcalay, L, Allik, J, Angleitner, Alois, Avia, MD, Ayearst, LE, Barbaranelli, C, Beer, A, Borg-Cunen, MA, Bratko, D, Brunner-Sciarra, M, Budzinski, L, Camart, N, Dahourou, D, De Fruyt, F, de Lima, MP, del Pilar, GEH, Diener, E, Falzon, R, Fernando, K, Fickova, E, Fischer, R, Flores-Mendoza, C, Ghayur, MA, Gulgoz, S, Hagberg, B, Halberstadt, J, Halim, MS, Hrebickova, M, Humrichouse, J, Jensen, HH, Jocic, DD, Jonsson, FH, Khoury, B, Klinkosz, W, Knezevic, G, Lauri, MA, Leibovich, N, Martin, TA, Marusic, I, Mastor, KA, Matsumoto, D, McRorie, M, Meshcheriakov, B, Mortensen, EL, Munyae, M, Nagy, J, Nakazato, K, Nansubuga, F, Oishi, S, Ojedokun, AO, Ostendorf, Fritz, Paulhus, DL, Pelevin, S, Petot, JM, Podobnik, N, Porrata, JL, Pramila, VS, Prentice, G, Realo, A, Reategui, N, Rolland, JP, Rossier, J, Ruch, W, Rus, VS, Sanchez-Bernardos, ML, Schmidt, V, Sciculna-Calleja, S, Sekowski, A, Shakespeare-Finch, J, Shimonaka, Y, Simonetti, F, Sineshaw, T, Siuta, J, Smith, PB, Trapnell, PD, Trobst, KK, Wang, L, Yik, M, Zupancic, A, and McCrae, RR. “National character does not reflect mean personality trait levels in 49 cultures”. SCIENCE 310.5745 (2005): 96-100.
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