On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis

Schoeller W, Schroeder D, Rozhenko AB (2005)
JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY 690(24-25): 6079-6088.

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Abstract
The 1.4-diphospha-2-azol-5-ylidene is a homologue to the Ender's type carbene. It is a possible candidate for a ligand in the metathesis reaction of olefins. Based on density functional calculations the differences between the electronic structures of both systems are evaluated. The NHC (N-heterocyclic carbene) possesses a larger singlet-triplet energy separation than the PHC (P-heterocyclic carbene) analogue. Thus the latter exerts a larger Lewis acidity than the former. In comparison with, the donor-ability (a-basicity) in both systems is similar. As a consequence for the PHC carbene a Ru-fragment as a ligand for catalysis is stronger bound. This causes in the olefin metathesis a lower dissociation energy (compared to the NHC analogue) with respect to the formation of the catalyst active 14el species. As a consequence, the olefin will be weaker bound as well. This can be overcome by attaching sterically demanding substituents such as mesityl or super-mesityl to the phosphorus atoms. They induce mutual steric hindrance with concomitant increase of the S-T separation of the free carbene. Thus the Lewis acidity of the carbene is reduced. On this basis for the PHC's with larger S-T energy separations the dissociation energy of the phosphine fragment is raised and the adding olefin fragment will be stronger bound to the transition metal. While these effects describe the electronic situation in the reactive species, steric effects at the ligand carbene mediate the stabilities of the individual intermediates in the metathesis reaction by exertion of inter- and intra-ligand repulsion. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Schoeller W, Schroeder D, Rozhenko AB. On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY. 2005;690(24-25):6079-6088.
Schoeller, W., Schroeder, D., & Rozhenko, A. B. (2005). On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, 690(24-25), 6079-6088.
Schoeller, W., Schroeder, D., and Rozhenko, A. B. (2005). On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY 690, 6079-6088.
Schoeller, W., Schroeder, D., & Rozhenko, A.B., 2005. On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, 690(24-25), p 6079-6088.
W. Schoeller, D. Schroeder, and A.B. Rozhenko, “On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis”, JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY, vol. 690, 2005, pp. 6079-6088.
Schoeller, W., Schroeder, D., Rozhenko, A.B.: On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY. 690, 6079-6088 (2005).
Schoeller, Wolfgang, Schroeder, D, and Rozhenko, AB. “On the ligand properties of the P- versus the N-heterocyclic carbene for a Grubbs catalyst in olefin metathesis”. JOURNAL OF ORGANOMETALLIC CHEMISTRY 690.24-25 (2005): 6079-6088.
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