Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes

Frantescu A, Kakorin S, Tönsing K, Neumann E (2005)
PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 7(24): 4126-4131.

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Abstract
The adsorption of calf-thymus DNA-fragments of 300 +/- 50 base pairs (bp) to the outer membrane monolayer of unilamellar lipid vesicles in the presence of Ca2+ ions has been quantified by the standard method of chemical relaxation spectrometry using polarized light. The vesicles of radius a = 150 +/- 45 nm are prepared from bovine brain extract type III containing 80-85% phosphatidylserine (PS) and palmitoyl-oleoyl-phosphatidylcholine (POPC) in the molar ratio PS : 2POPC; total lipid concentration [L-t] = 1 mM in 1 mM HEPES buffer, pH 7.4 at T = 293 K (20 degrees C). The turbidity relaxations of vesicle suspensions, at the wavelength gimel = 365 nm at two characteristic electric field strengths are identified as electroelongation of the whole vesicle coupled to smoothing of thermal membrane undulations and membrane stretching, and at higher fields, to membrane electroporation (MEP). The elongation kinetics indicates that the DNA adsorption renders the membrane more flexible and prone to membrane electroporation (MEP). Remarkably, it is found that the Ca-mediated adsorption of DNA (D) decreases both, bending rigidity K and stretching modulus K, along an unique Langmuir adsorption isotherm for the fraction of bound DNA at the given Ca concentration [Cat] = 0.25 mM. The characteristic chemomechanical parameter of the isotherm is the apparent dissociation equilibrium constant K(D,Ca) = 100 10 mu M (bp) of the ternary complex DCaB of DNA base pairs (bp) and Ca binding to sites B on the outer vesicle surface. Whereas both K and K decrease in the presence of high electric fields (E), the key parameter K(D,Ca) is independent of E in the range 0 <= E/(kV cm(-1)) <= 40.
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Frantescu A, Kakorin S, Tönsing K, Neumann E. Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. 2005;7(24):4126-4131.
Frantescu, A., Kakorin, S., Tönsing, K., & Neumann, E. (2005). Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 7(24), 4126-4131.
Frantescu, A., Kakorin, S., Tönsing, K., and Neumann, E. (2005). Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 7, 4126-4131.
Frantescu, A., et al., 2005. Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, 7(24), p 4126-4131.
A. Frantescu, et al., “Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes”, PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS, vol. 7, 2005, pp. 4126-4131.
Frantescu, A., Kakorin, S., Tönsing, K., Neumann, E.: Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS. 7, 4126-4131 (2005).
Frantescu, A, Kakorin, Sergej, Tönsing, Katja, and Neumann, Eberhard. “Adsorption of DNA and electric fields decrease the rigidity of lipid vesicle membranes”. PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY CHEMICAL PHYSICS 7.24 (2005): 4126-4131.
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