Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes

Mormann M, Salpin JY, Kuck D (2006)
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 249-250: 340-352.

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The composition of various mixtures of isomeric gaseous C7H9+ ions, generated from four different C7H8 precursors by CI(methane) and CI(isobutane) and by EI-induced fragmentation of two monoterpenes, alpha-pinene (5) and limonene (6), in the external ion source of an FT-ICR mass spectrometer, has been detected by means of proton transfer reactions to selected bases ('' gas-phase titration '') within the ICR cell. Protonation of toluene (1) was found to give a uniform C7H9+ ion population containing exclusively the toluenium ions [1 + H](+) under both CI conditions. By contrast, protonation of 1,3,5-cycloheptatriene (2), 2,5-norbornadiene (3) and 6-mothylfulvene (4) was found to give mixtures of constitutionally isomeric C7H9+ ions, containing ions [1 + H](+) and protonated 6-methylfulvene, [4 + H](+), in all of the cases. Protonated norbornadiene, or its valence isomer, the 3-nortricyclyl ion [3'+H](+), was detected only in minor amounts by CI(CH4) of 2 and by CI of the neutral precursor, 3, itself. Protonation of 6-methylfulvene (4) by CI(CH4) gave rise to partial isomerization to ions [1 + H](+) only, but CI(i-C4H(10)) of 4 generated also protonated cycloheptatriene, [2 + H]+. Both of the C7H9+ ion mixtures formed by El-induced fragmentation of (X-pinene (5) and limonene (6) were found to consist mainly (> 85%) of tolueniurn ions, [1 + H](+), with only very small fractions (<= 10%) of dihydrotropylium ions, [2 + H](+), in contrast to previous reports in the literature. The gas-phase titration experiments of the C7H9+ mixtures was found to reflect the relative thermodynamic stabilities of the constitutional C7H9+ isomers and the exothermicity of the proton transfer step. The results are also discussed in view of the energy hypersurface of the isomeric C7H9+ ions, parts of which have been calculated by ab initio methods [MP2(full)/6-31I+G(3df,2p)// MP2(full)/6-31G(d)]. (c) 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Mormann M, Salpin JY, Kuck D. Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. 2006;249-250:340-352.
Mormann, M., Salpin, J. Y., & Kuck, D. (2006). Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, 249-250, 340-352.
Mormann, M., Salpin, J. Y., and Kuck, D. (2006). Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 249-250, 340-352.
Mormann, M., Salpin, J.Y., & Kuck, D., 2006. Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, 249-250, p 340-352.
M. Mormann, J.Y. Salpin, and D. Kuck, “Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes”, INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY, vol. 249-250, 2006, pp. 340-352.
Mormann, M., Salpin, J.Y., Kuck, D.: Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY. 249-250, 340-352 (2006).
Mormann, M., Salpin, J. Y., and Kuck, Dietmar. “Gas-phase titration of C7H9+ ion mixtures by FT-ICR mass spectrometry: Semiquantitative determination of ion populations generated by CI-induced protonation of C7H8 isomers and by EI-induced fragmentation of some monoterpenes”. INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MASS SPECTROMETRY 249-250 (2006): 340-352.
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