Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations

Letzel M, Kirchhoff D, Grützmacher H-F, Stein D, Grützmacher H (2006)
DALTON TRANSACTIONS (16): 2008-2016.

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The unimolecular reactions of radical cations and cations derived from phenylarsane, C6H5AsH2 (1) and dideutero phenylarsane, C6H5AsD2 (1-d2), were investigated by methods of tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. The mass spectrometric experiments reveal that the molecular ion of phenylarsane, 1(.+), exhibits different reactivity at low and high internal excess energy. Only at low internal energy the observed fragmentations are as expected, that is the molecular ion 1(.+) decomposes almost exclusively by loss of an H atom. The deuterated derivative 1-d2 with an AsD2 group eliminates selectively a D atom under these conditions. The resulting phenylarsenium ion [C6H5AsH](+), 2(+), decomposes rather easily by loss of the As atom to give the benzene radical cation [C6H6](.+) and is therefore of low abundance in the 70 eV EI mass spectrum. At high internal excess energy, the ion 1(.+) decomposes very differently either by elimination of an H-2 molecule, or by release of the As atom, or by loss of an AsH fragment. Final products of these reactions are either the benzoarsenium ion 4(.+), or the benzonium ion [C6H7](+), or the benzene radical cation, [C6H6](.+). As key-steps, these fragmentations contain reductive eliminations from the central As atom under H-H or C-H bond formation. Labeling experiments show that H/D exchange reactions precede these fragmentations and, specifically, that complete positional exchange of the H atoms in 1(.+) occurs. Computations at the UMP2/6-311+ G(d)//UHF/6-311+ G(d) level agree best with the experimental results and suggest: (i) 1(.+) rearranges (activation enthalpy of 93 kJ mol(-1)) to a distinctly more stable (Delta H-r(298) = -64 kJ mol(-1)) isomer 1 sigma(+) with a structure best represented as a distonic radical cation sigma complex between AsH and benzene. (ii) The six H atoms of the benzene moiety of 1 sigma(.+) become equivalent by a fast ring walk of the AsH group. (iii) A reversible isomerization 1(+) reversible arrow 1 sigma(.+) scrambles eventually all H atoms over all positions in 1(.+). The distonic radical cation 1 sigma(+) is predisposed for the elimination of an As atom or an AsH fragment. The calculations are in accordance with the experimentally preferred reactions when the As atom and the AsH fragment are generated in the quartet and triplet state, respectively. Alternatively, 1(.+) undergoes a reductive elimination of H2 from the AsH2 group via a remarkably stable complex of the phenylarsandiyl radical cation, [C6H5As](.+) and an H-2 molecule.
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Letzel M, Kirchhoff D, Grützmacher H-F, Stein D, Grützmacher H. Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 2006;(16):2008-2016.
Letzel, M., Kirchhoff, D., Grützmacher, H. - F., Stein, D., & Grützmacher, H. (2006). Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. DALTON TRANSACTIONS(16), 2008-2016.
Letzel, M., Kirchhoff, D., Grützmacher, H. - F., Stein, D., and Grützmacher, H. (2006). Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 2008-2016.
Letzel, M., et al., 2006. Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. DALTON TRANSACTIONS, (16), p 2008-2016.
M. Letzel, et al., “Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations”, DALTON TRANSACTIONS, 2006, pp. 2008-2016.
Letzel, M., Kirchhoff, D., Grützmacher, H.-F., Stein, D., Grützmacher, H.: Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations. DALTON TRANSACTIONS. 2008-2016 (2006).
Letzel, Matthias, Kirchhoff, Dirk, Grützmacher, Hans-Friedrich, Stein, Daniel, and Grützmacher, Hansjörg. “Isomerization and fragmentation reactions of gaseous phenylarsane radical cations and phenylarsanyl cations. A study by tandem mass spectrometry and theoretical calculations”. DALTON TRANSACTIONS 16 (2006): 2008-2016.
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Trends in the reactions of gaseous phenyl pnictogen radical cations C6H5EH2*+ (E = N, P, As).
Letzel M, Grutzmacher HF, Stein D, Grutzmacher H., Dalton Trans (25), 2008
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