Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences

Horstmann G, Borgstedt K, Heumann M (2006)
EMOTION 6(1): 28-39.

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Abstract
Do threatening or negative faces capture attention? The authors argue that evidence from visual search, spatial cuing. and flanker tasks is equivocal and that perceptual differences may account for effects attributed to emotional categories. Empirically, the authors examine the flanker task. Although they replicate previous results in which a positive face flanked by negative faces suffers more interference than a negative face flanked by positive faces, further results indicate that face perception is not necessary for the flanker-effect asymmetry and that the asymmetry also occurs with nonemotional stimuli. The authors conclude that the flanker-effect asymmetry with affective faces cannot be unambiguously attributed to emotional differences and may well be due to purely perceptual differences between the stimuli.
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Horstmann G, Borgstedt K, Heumann M. Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences. EMOTION. 2006;6(1):28-39.
Horstmann, G., Borgstedt, K., & Heumann, M. (2006). Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences. EMOTION, 6(1), 28-39.
Horstmann, G., Borgstedt, K., and Heumann, M. (2006). Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences. EMOTION 6, 28-39.
Horstmann, G., Borgstedt, K., & Heumann, M., 2006. Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences. EMOTION, 6(1), p 28-39.
G. Horstmann, K. Borgstedt, and M. Heumann, “Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences”, EMOTION, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 28-39.
Horstmann, G., Borgstedt, K., Heumann, M.: Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences. EMOTION. 6, 28-39 (2006).
Horstmann, Gernot, Borgstedt, K, and Heumann, M. “Flanker effects with faces may depend on perceptual as well as emotional differences”. EMOTION 6.1 (2006): 28-39.
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