Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect

Horstmann G, Bauland A (2006)
EMOTION 6(2): 193-207.

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The anger-superiority hypothesis states that angry faces are detected more efficiently than friendly faces. ecological validity. The authors argue that a confounding of appearance and meaning is unavoidable and even Unproblematic if real faces are presented. Four experiments tested carefully controlled photos in a search-asymmetry design. Experiments 1 and 2 revealed more efficient detection of an angry face among happy faces than vice versa. Experiment 3 indicated that the advantage was line to the mouth. but not to the eyes. and Experiment 4. using, upright and inverted thatcherized faces. suggests a perceptual basis. The results are in line with a sensory-bias hypothesis that facial expressions evolved to exploit extant capabilities of the Visual system.
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Horstmann G, Bauland A. Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect. EMOTION. 2006;6(2):193-207.
Horstmann, G., & Bauland, A. (2006). Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect. EMOTION, 6(2), 193-207. doi:10.1037/1528-3542.6.2.193
Horstmann, G., and Bauland, A. (2006). Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect. EMOTION 6, 193-207.
Horstmann, G., & Bauland, A., 2006. Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect. EMOTION, 6(2), p 193-207.
G. Horstmann and A. Bauland, “Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect”, EMOTION, vol. 6, 2006, pp. 193-207.
Horstmann, G., Bauland, A.: Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect. EMOTION. 6, 193-207 (2006).
Horstmann, Gernot, and Bauland, Andrea. “Search asymmetries with real faces: Testing the anger-superiority effect”. EMOTION 6.2 (2006): 193-207.
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