Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey

Stich HL, Baune BT, Caniato RN, Krämer A (2006)
BMC Public Health 6(1).

Download
OA
Journal Article | Published | English
Author
; ; ;
Abstract
Background: Many school-aged children suffer physical and mental impairments which can adversely affect their development and result in significant morbidity. A high proportion of children in western countries attend pre-school, and it is likely that the preschool environment influences the prevalence and severity of these impairments. Currently there is insufficient data available on the prevalence of these impairments and their causal associations. The influence that location of a pre-school and the duration of preschool attendance have on the prevalence of these impairments is not known. Methods: In a retrospective survey spanning six years (1997-2002) we reviewed the records of 6,230 preschool children who had undergone routine school entry assessments. These children had been assessed utilising a modified manual of the "Bavarian Model" for school entry examinations. This model outlines specific criteria for impairments of motor, cognitive, behavioural and psychosocial functioning. Prevalence rates for physical and behavioural impairments were based on the results of these assessments. The relationship between the prevalence of impairments and the duration of preschool attendance and the location of the preschool attended was estimated utilizing logistic regression models. Results: We found that 20.7% of children met the criteria for at least one type of impairment. Highest prevalence rates (11.5%) were seen for speech impairments and lowest (3.5%) for arithmetic impairments. Boys were disproportionately over represented, with 25.5% meeting the criteria for impairment, compared to 13.0% for girls. Children who had attended preschool for less than one year demonstrated higher rates of impairment (up to 19.1% for difficulties with memory, concentration or perseverance) compared to those who had attended for a longer duration (up to 11.6% for difficulties with pronouncation). Children attending preschool in an urban location had slightly elevated rates of impairment (up to 12.7%), compared to their rural counterparts (up to 11.1%). Conclusion: Our results demonstrate that there are high prevalence rates for physical and mental impairments among preschool children. Furthermore, children without preschool experience are a risk group for struggling with educational successes. The associations between the duration of preschool attendance and location of preschool attended and rates of impairment need replication and further exploration. Larger prospective studies are needed to examine if these relationships are causal and may therefore lend themselves to specific intervention strategies.
Publishing Year
ISSN
PUB-ID

Cite this

Stich HL, Baune BT, Caniato RN, Krämer A. Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey. BMC Public Health. 2006;6(1).
Stich, H. L., Baune, B. T., Caniato, R. N., & Krämer, A. (2006). Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey. BMC Public Health, 6(1).
Stich, H. L., Baune, B. T., Caniato, R. N., and Krämer, A. (2006). Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey. BMC Public Health 6.
Stich, H.L., et al., 2006. Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey. BMC Public Health, 6(1).
H.L. Stich, et al., “Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey”, BMC Public Health, vol. 6, 2006.
Stich, H.L., Baune, B.T., Caniato, R.N., Krämer, A.: Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey. BMC Public Health. 6, (2006).
Stich, Heribert L., Baune, Bernhard T., Caniato, Riccardo N., and Krämer, Alexander. “Associations between preschool attendance and developmental impairments in pre-school children in a six-year retrospective survey”. BMC Public Health 6.1 (2006).
Main File(s)
File Name
Access Level
OA Open Access

This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:

3 Citations in Europe PMC

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Associations between obesity and developmental functioning in pre-school children: a population-based study.
Mond JM, Stich H, Hay PJ, Kraemer A, Baune BT., Int J Obes (Lond) 31(7), 2007
PMID: 17471298

29 References

Data provided by Europe PubMed Central.

Complementary support for Children's health in social handicapped quarters by example of the city Cologne
Mersmann H, Warrlich R., 1998
School Board of district Dingolfing-Landau
AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 0

AUTHOR UNKNOWN, 1999
Rethinking prevention.
Crall JJ., Pediatr Dent 28(2), 2006
PMID: 16708782

Export

0 Marked Publications

Open Data PUB

Web of Science

View record in Web of Science®

Sources

PMID: 17054777
PubMed | Europe PMC

Search this title in

Google Scholar