The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus

Klappert K, Butlin RK, Reinhold K (2007)
NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 94(8): 667-674.

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Genetic variability among males is a necessary precondition for the evolution of female choice based on indirect genetic benefits. In addition to mutations and host-parasite cycles, migration of locally adapted individuals offers an explanation for the maintenance of genetic variability. In a previous study, conducting a reciprocal transplant experiment on a grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus, we found that environmental conditions significantly influenced not only body condition but also an important trait of male calling song, the amplitude of song. Although not significant, all other analysed physical and courtship song traits and attractiveness were superior in native than in transferred males. Thus, we concluded that local adaptation has a slight but consistent influence on a range of traits in our study populations, including male acoustic attractiveness. In our present study, we scanned male grasshoppers from the same two populations for amplification fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) loci connected with acoustic attractiveness to conspecific females. We found greater differences in allele frequencies between the two populations, for some loci, than are expected from a balance between drift and gene flow. These loci are potentially connected with locally adapted traits. We examined whether these alleles show the proposed genotype environment interaction by having different associations with attractiveness in the two populations. One locus was significantly related to sexual attractiveness; however, this was independent of the males' population affiliation. Future research on the evolution of female choice will benefit from knowledge of the underlying genetic architecture of male traits under intraspecific sexual selection, and the 'population genomics' approach can be a powerful tool for revealing this structure.
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Klappert K, Butlin RK, Reinhold K. The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN. 2007;94(8):667-674.
Klappert, K., Butlin, R. K., & Reinhold, K. (2007). The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, 94(8), 667-674.
Klappert, K., Butlin, R. K., and Reinhold, K. (2007). The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 94, 667-674.
Klappert, K., Butlin, R.K., & Reinhold, K., 2007. The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, 94(8), p 667-674.
K. Klappert, R.K. Butlin, and K. Reinhold, “The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus”, NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN, vol. 94, 2007, pp. 667-674.
Klappert, K., Butlin, R.K., Reinhold, K.: The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN. 94, 667-674 (2007).
Klappert, Kirsten, Butlin, Roger K., and Reinhold, Klaus. “The attractiveness fragment - AFLP analysis of local adaptation and sexual selection in a caeliferan grasshopper, Chorthippus biguttulus”. NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN 94.8 (2007): 667-674.
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