Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2

Jutzi P, Mix A, Neumann B, Rummel B, Schoeller W, Stammler H-G, Rozhenko AB (2009)
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 131(34): 12137-12143.

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Abstract
The salt (eta(5)-pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)silicon(II) tetrakis(pentafluorophenyl)borate (5) reacts at -78 degrees C with lithium bis(trimethylsilyl)amide in dimethoxyethane (DME) as solvent to give quantitatively the compound [bis(trimethyl silyl)amino] [pentamethylcyclopentadienyl]silicon (11) 6A in the form of a colorless viscous oil. The reaction performed at -40 degrees C leads to the silicon(IV) compound 7, the formal oxidative addition product of 6A with DME. Cycloaddition is observed in the reaction of 6A with 2,3-dimethylbutadiene to give the silicon(IV) compound 8. Upon attempts to crystallize 6A from organic solvents such as hexane, THF, or toluene, the deep yellow compound trans-1, 2-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)ami no]-1,2-bis(pentamethylcyclopentadienyl)disilene (6B), the formal dimer of 6A, crystallizes from the colorless solution, but only after several days or even weeks. Upon attempts to dissolve the disilene 6B in the described organic solvents, a colorless solution is obtained after prolonged vigorous shaking or ultrasound treatment. From this solution, pure 6A can be recovered after solvent evaporation. This transformation process can be repeated several times. In a mass spectroscopic investigation of 6B, Si=Si bond cleavage is observed to give the molecular ion with the composition of 6A as the fragment with the highest mass. The X-ray crystal structure analysis of the disilene 6B supports a molecule with a short Si=Si bond (2.168 angstrom) with efficiently packed, rigid sigma-bonded cyclopentadienyl substituents and silylamino groups. The conformation of the latter does not allow electron donation to the central silicon atom. Theoretical calculations at the density functional level (RI-BP86 and B3LYP, TZVP basis set) confirm the structure of 6B and reveal for silylene 6A the presence of an eta(2)-bonded cyclopentadienyl ligand and of a silylamino group in a conformation that prevents electron back-donation. Further theoretical calculations for the silicon(II) compound 6A, the disilene 6B, and the two species 11 and 11(star) derived from 6A (which derive from Si=Si bond cleavage) support the experimental findings. The reversible phase-dependent transformation between 6A and 6113 is caused by (a) different sterecielectronic and steric effects exerted by the pentamethylcyclopentadienyl group in 6A and 6B, (b) some energy storage in the solid state structure of 6B (molecular jack in the box), (c) a small energy difference between 6A and 6B, (d) a low activation barrier for the equilibration process, and (e) the gain in entropy,upon monomer formation.
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Jutzi P, Mix A, Neumann B, et al. Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. 2009;131(34):12137-12143.
Jutzi, P., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Rummel, B., Schoeller, W., Stammler, H. - G., & Rozhenko, A. B. (2009). Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 131(34), 12137-12143.
Jutzi, P., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Rummel, B., Schoeller, W., Stammler, H. - G., and Rozhenko, A. B. (2009). Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 131, 12137-12143.
Jutzi, P., et al., 2009. Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, 131(34), p 12137-12143.
P. Jutzi, et al., “Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2”, JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY, vol. 131, 2009, pp. 12137-12143.
Jutzi, P., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Rummel, B., Schoeller, W., Stammler, H.-G., Rozhenko, A.B.: Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY. 131, 12137-12143 (2009).
Jutzi, Peter, Mix, Andreas, Neumann, Beate, Rummel, Britta, Schoeller, Wolfgang, Stammler, Hans-Georg, and Rozhenko, A. B. “Reversible Transformation of a Stable Monomeric Silicon(II) Compound into a Stable Disilene by Phase Transfer: Experimental and Theoretical Studies of the System {[(Me3Si)(2)N](Me5C5)Si}(n) with n=1,2”. JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN CHEMICAL SOCIETY 131.34 (2009): 12137-12143.
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