Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations

Natarajan A, Schwarz D (2009)
PHYSICAL REVIEW D 80(4).

Journal Article | Published | English

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If dark matter is made up of weakly interacting massive particles, the annihilation of these particles in halos results in energy being released, some of which is absorbed by gas, causing partial ionization and heating. Dark matter annihilation may result in partial ionization and gas heating at high redshifts, even before the formation of the first stars. It is shown that early ionization results in a transfer of power to higher multipoles in the large angle CMB polarization power spectra. Future CMB experiments may be able to place constraints on certain light dark matter models. We also investigate the effect of gas heating on the expected H21 cm power spectrum. Heating by particle annihilation results in a decrease in the amplitude of the H21 cm power spectrum as the gas temperature T becomes comparable to the CMB temperature T-gamma, and then an increase as T > T-gamma. The result is a minimum in the power spectrum at the redshift for which T approximate to T-gamma. Only certain models (low particle masses similar to 10 GeV, or favorable halo parameters) show this effect. Within these models, observations of the H21 cm power spectrum at multiple redshifts can help us obtain constraints on dark matter particle and halo properties.
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Natarajan A, Schwarz D. Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 2009;80(4).
Natarajan, A., & Schwarz, D. (2009). Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 80(4).
Natarajan, A., and Schwarz, D. (2009). Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations. PHYSICAL REVIEW D 80.
Natarajan, A., & Schwarz, D., 2009. Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations. PHYSICAL REVIEW D, 80(4).
A. Natarajan and D. Schwarz, “Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations”, PHYSICAL REVIEW D, vol. 80, 2009.
Natarajan, A., Schwarz, D.: Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations. PHYSICAL REVIEW D. 80, (2009).
Natarajan, Aravind, and Schwarz, Dominik. “Dark matter annihilation and its effect on CMB and hydrogen 21 cm observations”. PHYSICAL REVIEW D 80.4 (2009).
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