Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames

Hansen N, Miller JA, Westmoreland PR, Kasper T, Kohse-Höinghaus K, Wang J, Cool TA (2009)
COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156(11): 2153-2164.

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Abstract
A combined experimental and modeling study is performed to clarify the isomer-specific combustion chemistry inflames fueled by the C3H4 isomers allene and propyne. To this end, mole fraction profiles of several flame species in stoichiometric allene (propyne)/O-2/Ar flames are analyzed by means of a chemical kinetic model, The premixed flames are stabilized on a flat-flame burner under a reduced pressure of 25 Torr (=33.3 mbar). Quantitative species profiles are determined by flame-sampling molecular-beam mass spectrometry, and the isomer-specific flame compositions are unraveled by employing photoionization with tunable vacuum-ultraviolet synchrotron radiation. The temperature profiles are measured by OH laser-induced fluorescence. Experimental and modeled mole fraction profiles of selected flame species are discussed with respect to the isomer-specific combustion chemistry in both flames. The emphasis is put on main reaction pathways of fuel consumption, of allene and propyne isomerization, and of isomer-specific formation of C-6 aromatic species. The present model includes the latest theoretical rate coefficients for reactions on a C3H5 potential [J.A. Miller, J.P. Senosiain, S.J. Klippenstem, Y. Georgievskii, J. Phys. Chem. A 112 (2008) 9429-9438] and for the propargyl recombination reactions [Y. Georgievskii, S.J. Klippenstein, J.A. Miller, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 9 (2007) 4259-4268]. Larger peak mole fractions of propargyl, allyl, and benzene are observed in the allene flame than in the propyne flame. In these flames virtually all of the benzene is formed by the propargyl recombination reaction. (C) 2009 The Combustion Institute. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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Hansen N, Miller JA, Westmoreland PR, et al. Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames. COMBUSTION AND FLAME. 2009;156(11):2153-2164.
Hansen, N., Miller, J. A., Westmoreland, P. R., Kasper, T., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Wang, J., & Cool, T. A. (2009). Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames. COMBUSTION AND FLAME, 156(11), 2153-2164. doi:10.1016/j.combustflame.2609.07.014
Hansen, N., Miller, J. A., Westmoreland, P. R., Kasper, T., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Wang, J., and Cool, T. A. (2009). Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames. COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156, 2153-2164.
Hansen, N., et al., 2009. Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames. COMBUSTION AND FLAME, 156(11), p 2153-2164.
N. Hansen, et al., “Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames”, COMBUSTION AND FLAME, vol. 156, 2009, pp. 2153-2164.
Hansen, N., Miller, J.A., Westmoreland, P.R., Kasper, T., Kohse-Höinghaus, K., Wang, J., Cool, T.A.: Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames. COMBUSTION AND FLAME. 156, 2153-2164 (2009).
Hansen, Nils, Miller, James A., Westmoreland, Phillip R., Kasper, Tina, Kohse-Höinghaus, Katharina, Wang, Juan, and Cool, Terrill A. “Isomer-specific combustion chemistry in allene and propyne flames”. COMBUSTION AND FLAME 156.11 (2009): 2153-2164.
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