Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand

Hellmann BJ, Venugopal A, Mix A, Neumann B, Stammler H-G, Willner A, Pape T, Hepp A, Mitzell NW (2009)
CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL 15(43): 11701-11709.

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Abstract
The reaction of the donor-functionalised N,N-bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}-ethyl)hydroxylamine and [LnCp(3)] (Cp=cyclopentadiene) resulted in the formation of bis(cyclopentadienyl) hydroxylaminato rare-earth metal complexes of the general constitution [Ln(C5H5)(2){ON(C2H4-o-Py)(2)}] (Py=pyridyl) with Ln=Lu (1), Y (2), Ho (3), Sm (4), Nd (5), Pr (6), La (7). These compounds were characterised by elemental analysis. mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy (for compounds 1, 2, 4 and 7) and single-crystal X-ray diffraction experiments. The complexes exhibit three different aggregation modes and binding motifs in the solid state. The late rare-earth metal atoms 4, to 5 (Lu, Y, Ho and Sm) form monomeric complexes of the formula [Ln(C5H5)(2)-{eta(2)-ON(C2H4-eta(1)-o-Py)(C2H4-o-Py)}] (1-4, respectively), in which one of the pyridyl nitrogen donor atoms is bonded to the metal atom in addition to file side-on coordinating hydroxylaminato unit. The larger Nd3+ and Pr3+ ions ill 5 and 6 make the hydroxylaminato unit capable of dimerising through the oxygen atoms. This leads to the dimeric complexes [(Ln(C5H5)(2){mu-eta(1):eta(2)-ON(C2H4-o-Py)(2)})(2)] without metal-pyridine bonds. Compound 7 exhibits a dimeric coordination mode similar to the complexes 5 and 6, but, in addition, two pyridyl functions coordinate to the lanthanum atoms leading to the [(La(C5H5)(2){ON(C2H4-o-Py)}{mu-eta(1):eta(2)-ON-(C2H4-eta(1-)o-Py)})(2) ] complex. The aggregation trend is directly related to the size of the metal ions. The complexes with coordinative pyridine-nictal bonds show highly dynamic behaviour in solution. The two pyridine nitrogen atoms rapidly change their coordination to the metal atom at ambient temperature. Variable-temperature (VT) NMR experiments showed that this dynamic exchange call be frozen on the NMR timescale.
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Hellmann BJ, Venugopal A, Mix A, et al. Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL. 2009;15(43):11701-11709.
Hellmann, B. J., Venugopal, A., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Stammler, H. - G., Willner, A., Pape, T., et al. (2009). Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 15(43), 11701-11709.
Hellmann, B. J., Venugopal, A., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Stammler, H. - G., Willner, A., Pape, T., Hepp, A., and Mitzell, N. W. (2009). Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL 15, 11701-11709.
Hellmann, B.J., et al., 2009. Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, 15(43), p 11701-11709.
B.J. Hellmann, et al., “Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand”, CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL, vol. 15, 2009, pp. 11701-11709.
Hellmann, B.J., Venugopal, A., Mix, A., Neumann, B., Stammler, H.-G., Willner, A., Pape, T., Hepp, A., Mitzell, N.W.: Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL. 15, 11701-11709 (2009).
Hellmann, Benjamin J., Venugopal, Ajay, Mix, Andreas, Neumann, Beate, Stammler, Hans-Georg, Willner, Alexander, Pape, Tanja, Hepp, Alexander, and Mitzell, Norbert W. “Structural Variations and Molecular Dynamics of Rare-Earth Metal Complexes with the N,N-Bis(2-{pyrid-2-yl}ethyl)hydroxylaminato Ligand”. CHEMISTRY-A EUROPEAN JOURNAL 15.43 (2009): 11701-11709.
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Trinuclear pyridyl functionalised hydroxylaminato complexes of aluminium, gallium and indium.
Hellmann BJ, Mix A, Neumann B, Stammler HG, Mitzel NW., Dalton Trans 39(30), 2010
PMID: 20577701

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