Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies

De Raad B, Barelds DPH, Levert E, Ostendorf F, Mlacic B, Di Blas L, Hrebickova M, Szirmak Z, Szarota P, Perugini M, Church AT, et al. (2010)
JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 98(1): 160-173.

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We tested the hypothesis that only 3 factors of personality description are replicable across many different languages if they are independently derived by a psycholexical approach. Our test was based on 14 trait taxonomies from 12 different languages. Factors were compared at each level of factor extraction with solutions with I to 6 factors. The 294 factors in the comparisons were identified using sets of markers of the 6-factor model by correlating the marker scales with the factors. The factor structures were pairwise compared in each case on the basis of the common variables that define the 2 sets of factors. Congruence coefficients were calculated between the varimax rotated structures after Procrustes rotation, where each structure in turn served as a target to which all other structures were rotated. On the basis of average congruence coefficients of all 91 comparisons, we conclude that factor solutions with 3 factors on average are replicable across languages; solutions with more factors are not.
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De Raad B, Barelds DPH, Levert E, et al. Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. 2010;98(1):160-173.
De Raad, B., Barelds, D. P. H., Levert, E., Ostendorf, F., Mlacic, B., Di Blas, L., Hrebickova, M., et al. (2010). Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 98(1), 160-173.
De Raad, B., Barelds, D. P. H., Levert, E., Ostendorf, F., Mlacic, B., Di Blas, L., Hrebickova, M., Szirmak, Z., Szarota, P., Perugini, M., et al. (2010). Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 98, 160-173.
De Raad, B., et al., 2010. Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, 98(1), p 160-173.
B. De Raad, et al., “Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies”, JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY, vol. 98, 2010, pp. 160-173.
De Raad, B., Barelds, D.P.H., Levert, E., Ostendorf, F., Mlacic, B., Di Blas, L., Hrebickova, M., Szirmak, Z., Szarota, P., Perugini, M., Church, A.T., Katigbak, M.S.: Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY. 98, 160-173 (2010).
De Raad, Boele, Barelds, Dick P. H., Levert, Eveline, Ostendorf, Fritz, Mlacic, Boris, Di Blas, Lisa, Hrebickova, Martina, Szirmak, Zsofia, Szarota, Piotr, Perugini, Marco, Church, A. Timothy, and Katigbak, Marcia S. “Only Three Factors of Personality Description Are Fully Replicable Across Languages: A Comparison of 14 Trait Taxonomies”. JOURNAL OF PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 98.1 (2010): 160-173.
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