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Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture

Kronfeldner M (2007)
Universität Regensburg: .
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Department
Abteilung Philosophie
Abstract

The dissertation criticizes two analogical applications of Darwinism to the spheres of mind and culture: the Darwinian approach to creativity and memetics. These theories rely on three basic analogies: the ontological analogy states that the basic ontological units of culture are so-called memes, which are replicators like genes; the origination analogy states that novelty in human creativity emerges in a "blind" Darwinian manner; and the explanatory units of selection analogy states that memes are "egoistic" and that they can spread independently of our mind. The detailed philosophical analysis offered in the dissertation shows that these three analogies rely on either wrong or trivial statements: they provide either wrong or no new descriptions or explanations of the phenomena at hand. In Chapter One, I introduce the diverse ways, in which contemporary Darwinism is used today outside of evolutionary biology. Chapter Two explains what it means to claim that something evolves in a Darwinian manner. Chapter Three to Five address each of the three analogies separately. Darwinism applied to culture and mind, at least in the way discussed in this study, is not a dangerous idea. It leads either to wrong claims or to a re-telling in Darwinian terms of what we have already known.

Keywords
Darwinismus ; Kreativität ; Meme ; Philosophie ; Kultur
Year
2007
Access Level
Open Access
 
This data publication is cited in the following publications:
This publication cites the following data publications:
 
Kronfeldner M. Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture. Universität Regensburg; 2007.
Kronfeldner, M. (2007). Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture . Universität Regensburg.
Kronfeldner, M. (2007). Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture. Universität Regensburg.
Kronfeldner, M., 2007. Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture, Universität Regensburg.
M. Kronfeldner, Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture, Universität Regensburg: 2007.
Kronfeldner, M.: Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture. , Universität Regensburg (2007).
Kronfeldner, Maria. Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture. Universität Regensburg, 2007.
@book{1784985,
  abstract     = {The dissertation criticizes two analogical applications of Darwinism to the spheres of mind and culture: the Darwinian approach to creativity and memetics. These theories rely on three basic analogies: the ontological analogy states that the basic ontological units of culture are so-called memes, which are replicators like genes; the origination analogy states that novelty in human creativity emerges in a {\textacutedbl}blind{\textacutedbl} Darwinian manner; and the explanatory units of selection analogy states that memes are {\textacutedbl}egoistic{\textacutedbl} and that they can spread independently of our mind. The detailed philosophical analysis offered in the dissertation shows that these three analogies rely on either wrong or trivial statements: they provide either wrong or no new descriptions or explanations of the phenomena at hand. In Chapter One, I introduce the diverse ways, in which contemporary Darwinism is used today outside of evolutionary biology. Chapter Two explains what it means to claim that something evolves in a Darwinian manner. Chapter Three to Five address each of the three analogies separately. Darwinism applied to culture and mind, at least in the way discussed in this study, is not a dangerous idea. It leads either to wrong claims or to a re-telling in Darwinian terms of what we have already known.},
  author       = {Kronfeldner, Maria},
  language     = {English},
  title        = {Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture},
  year         = {2007},
}

TY  - BOOK
AB  - The dissertation criticizes two analogical applications of Darwinism to the spheres of mind and culture: the Darwinian approach to creativity and memetics. These theories rely on three basic analogies: the ontological analogy states that the basic ontological units of culture are so-called memes, which are replicators like genes; the origination analogy states that novelty in human creativity emerges in a "blind" Darwinian manner; and the explanatory units of selection analogy states that memes are "egoistic" and that they can spread independently of our mind. The detailed philosophical analysis offered in the dissertation shows that these three analogies rely on either wrong or trivial statements: they provide either wrong or no new descriptions or explanations of the phenomena at hand. In Chapter One, I introduce the diverse ways, in which contemporary Darwinism is used today outside of evolutionary biology. Chapter Two explains what it means to claim that something evolves in a Darwinian manner. Chapter Three to Five address each of the three analogies separately. Darwinism applied to culture and mind, at least in the way discussed in this study, is not a dangerous idea. It leads either to wrong claims or to a re-telling in Darwinian terms of what we have already known.
AU  - Kronfeldner, Maria
ID  - 1784985
KW  - Darwinismus
KW  - Kreativität
KW  - Meme
KW  - Philosophie
KW  - Kultur
PY  - 2007
TI  - Darwinism, Memes, and Creativity: A Critique of Darwinian Analogical Reasoning from Nature to Culture
U3  - PUB:ID 1784985
UR  - http://nbn-resolving.de/urn:nbn:de:bvb:355-opus-8015
ER  - 
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